Feedback Based Adaptive Recurrent Neural Network for Cancer Detection using Gene Data Pattern
P. Priyadharshini1, B. S. E. Zoraida2
1P. Priyadharshini, Research Scholar, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirappalli, India.
2Dr. B. S. E. Zoraida, Assistant Professor, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirappalli, India.
Manuscript received on November 20, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on December 15, 2019. | Manuscript published on December 30, 2019. | PP: 2999-3006 | Volume-9 Issue-2, December, 2019. | Retrieval Number: B4074129219/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.B4074.129219
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Cancer detecting technology plays a vital role in the medical community. Researches have shown that patients that are affected by cancer carry same type of genetic patterns in their DNA. With this in mind, this research work concentrates on analysing gene pattern for detecting cancer using deep learning algorithms. The Feedback based Adaptive Recurrent Neural Network (FA-RNN) approach is designed to classify and analyse the gene pattern recognition. The data augmentation is done to improve the quality of the input data from COSMIC dataset which includes the detection of missing values, removing the noise present in input using multiple imputations and reducing higher base value can be done using dimensionality reduction process. After obtaining the improved dataset, the training phase begins by estimating the exact weight value of feedback layer using feedback weight loop calculation technique to lessen number of repetition during training. Moreover, the error calculation is done to evaluate the exact weight values of feedback layer used for classification. Finally the classification is done by selecting the next appropriate hidden neuron using the neuron selection activation function. The performance of the Feedback based Adaptive Recurrent Neural Network technique can be analysed using the evaluation metrics accuracy, computation time and Root Mean Square Error (RMSE) and the attained results are compared with the Recursive Neural Network(RNN) and Convolutional Neural Network(CNN) algorithms. The obtained results such as higher accuracy, reduced RMSE and less computation time in Feedback based Adaptive Recurrent Neural Network indicates that it performs the enhanced operation than CNN and RNN.
Keywords: Convolutional Neural Network(CNN), Recursive Neural Network (RNN), Feedback based Adaptive Recurrent Neural Network (FA-RNN).