Integrated Dwt-Differentiation Algorithm for Fault Detection and Relay Coordination in Micro Grid
P. M. Khandare1, S. A. Deokar2, A. M. Dixit3

1P. M. Khandare, Pursuing Ph. D., Department of Technology, SPPU , Pune (Maharashtra) India.
2Dr. S. A. Deokar, Campus Director, ZES’S ZCOER, Pune (Maharashtra) India.
3Dr. A. M. Dixit, Professor, Department of Technology, Savitrbai Phule Pune Universirty, Pune (Maharashtra) India.
Manuscript received on November 22, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on December 15, 2019. | Manuscript published on December 30, 2019. | PP: 4365-4372 | Volume-9 Issue-2, December, 2019. | Retrieval Number: B4057129219/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.B4057.129219
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Abstract: The Bidirectional flow of current makes it difficult to detect fault in the microgrid. The level of fault current changes continuously with change in load, it leads to selectivity and sensitivity issue of relay. In this paper integrated DWT-differentiation algorithm is proposed for fault detection and relay coordination, the input waveform of fault current is proceed with discrete wavelet transform. Time scale function of DWT used to extract exact feature from signal which helps in further effective analysis. The Optimization function of relay is mainly depends on PSM (plug setting multiplier) and TDS (Time dial span). The Fault current used to calculate this parameter are already analyzed from DWT. Standard 9 bus IEEE system is used as reference. Fault is detected at 21 different locations; initially primary protection is activated and secondary protection operates only if first selected pair of relay fails to operate .The differential algorithm select best pair of backup relay and relay coordination is carried out resulting in reduction of operating Time.
Keywords: Microgrid protection; Relay coordination; fault detection; differential algorithm.