Plant Disease Diagnosis and Classification by Computer Vision using Statistical Texture Feature Extraction Technique and K Nearest Neighbor Classification
Kapilya Gangadharan1, G. Rosline Nesa Kumari2, D. Dhanasekaran3, K.Malathi4
1Kapilya Gangadharan, Research scholar in Saveetha School of Engineering, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Chennai. She is currently Utility Analyst at Fidelity National Information Services, Durham, NC, USA .
2Rosilne Nesa Kumari, Professor in the Department of Computer Science and Engineering, in Shadan women‟s college of Engineering and Technology, Chennai, India.
3D. Dhanasekaran, Professor in the Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Saveetha School of Engineering, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Chennai, India.
4K.Malathi, Associate Professor in the Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Saveetha School of Engineering, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Chennai, India.
Manuscript received on November 22, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on December 15, 2019. | Manuscript published on December 30, 2019. | PP: 2336-2341 | Volume-9 Issue-2, December, 2019. | Retrieval Number: B3849129219/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.B3849.129219
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Pest attack and infectious diseases has become more common in the field of agriculture in the recent times. It has become a challenging task to identify the infection or the insect that destructs the plant growth and production. Diagnosing the disease or the insect attack on the plants in the early stage will safe guard the plant growth and the production rate. Timely intervention of technology that deals with disease detection and control method can protect the plants from usage of harmful pesticides. The higher dosage of pesticides impacts the health of human as well as other creatures like birds and animals which directly or indirectly consumes the plant or get in touch with the plants in different circumstances. A Computer vision technique which combines the Digital Image processing and Machine Learning methodology has been proposed to provide pest management solution. The disease detection is based on the statistical texture feature analysis and it is classified using K nearest neighbor classifier. Statistical PCA is combined with SIFT method to extract the key points, which eliminates the non-operational key points and SFTA is used to extract the texture. The system has achieved better result in identifying and differentiating the infection and insect attack on multiple plant taxonomy. The implementation has been performed using MATLAB.
Keywords: Computer Vision, Pest management, Machine learning, Diagnosis.