Optimizing the Distribution of Memristance Values of Memristive Synapses for Reducing Power Consumption in Analog Memristor Crossbar-Based Neural Networks
Son Ngoc Truong

Son Ngoc Truong, HCMC University of Technology and Education, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.
Manuscript received on November 24, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on December 08, 2019. | Manuscript published on December 30, 2019. | PP: 2306-2309 | Volume-9 Issue-2, December, 2019. | Retrieval Number:  B3709129219/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.B3709.129219
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: Memristor circuits have become one of the potential hardware-based platforms for implementing artificial neural networks due to a lot of advantageous features. In this paper, we compare the power consumption between an analog memristor crossbar-based a binary memristor crossbar-based neural network for realizing a two-layer neural network and propose an efficient method for reducing the power consumption of the analog memristor crossbar-based neural network. A two-layer neural network is implemented using the memristor crossbar arrays, which can be used with analog synapse or binary synapse. For recognizing the test samples of MNIST dataset, the binary memristor crossbar-based neural work consumes higher power by 19% than the analog memristor-based neural network. The power consumption of the analog memristor crossbar-based neural network strongly depends on the distribution of memristance values and it can be reduced by optimizing the distribution of the memristance values. To improve the power efficiency, the bias resistance must be selected close to high resistance state. The power consumption of the analog memristor-based neural network is reduced by 86% when increasing the bias resistance from 20KΩ to 160KΩ. For the bias resistance of 160KΩ, analog memristor crossbar-based neural network consumes less power by 89% than the binary memristor crossbar-based neural network.
Keywords: Memristor, memristor crossbar, memristive synapse, handwritten digit recognition.