Application of Solar Absorption Refrigeration in Milk Pasteurization
Sanjay Mitkari1, B P Ronge2
1*Sanjay Mitkari, Research Scholar at SVERI,s College of Engineering Pandharpur, Maharashtra, India.
2Dr B P Ronge, SVERI,s College of Engineering Pandharpur, Maharashtra, India.
Manuscript received on November 24, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on December 15, 2019. | Manuscript published on December 30, 2019. | PP: 3324-3329 | Volume-9 Issue-2, December, 2019. | Retrieval Number: B3619129219/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.B3619.129219
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Pasteurization coupled with refrigeration makes milk safe for human consumption and also extends the shelf-life of the milk. In a milk processing plant, hot water is used as heating medium and chilled water as cooling medium .In milk pasteurization heating and cooling process of milk was integrated by using plate heat exchangers known as regeneration section which saves 82.36% energy. Refrigeration plant for milk processing contributes approx. 30 % of total electricity load. This electricity load can be reduced by using vapor absorption refrigeration system (VARS) which requires heat input in the form of hot water. In the present study the VARS uses 1, 1, 1 tetrafluroethane (R134a) as refrigerant and n,n-dimethyl formamide (DMF) as absorbent. The COP of the system was obtained between 0.48 to 0.71 and refrigeration capacity varied from 0.69 kW to 2 kW. The absorption refrigeration system requires 1.4kW of hot water per kW of refrigeration capacity. Thus the integration of solar energy with absorption refrigeration plays important role in energy optimization and sustainable development in milk processing industry.
Keywords: Pasteurization, Vapor absorption refrigeration system, Coefficient of performance, Dimethyl formamide, Tetrafluroethane.