Characterization of Hybrid Composite Made of False Banana Fiber and Sisal Fiber
Dawit Wami Negera1, Bhaskaran. J2, Idiris Ilmi3, Ramesh Babu Nallamothu4
1Dawit Wami, Mechanical Engineering department, Assosa University, Assosa, Ethiopia.
2Dr. Bhaskaran. J, Design and Manufacturing Engineering Department, Adama Science and Technology University, Adama, Ethiopia.
3Idiris Ilmi, Mechanical Systems and Vehicle Engineering Department, Adama Science and Technology University, Adama, Ethiopia.
4Dr. Ramesh Babu, Mechanical Systems and Vehicle Engineering Department, Adama Science and Technology University, Adama, Ethiopia.
Manuscript received on November 21, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on December 15, 2019. | Manuscript published on December 30, 2019. | PP: 3220-3226 | Volume-9 Issue-2, December, 2019. | Retrieval Number: B3604129219/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.B3604.129219
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: The importance of natural fiber reinforced composites is rapidly developing both in terms of engineering application and research field. The aim of this investigation is conducting an experiment to obtain the water absorption, physical and Mechanical properties of hybrid composite was fabricated from (False Banana Fiber) FBF and (Sisal Fiber) SF through general purpose (GP) resin-hardener mixture. The samples fabrication procedure was carried out by varying FBF and SF weight ratio to see its effect of mechanical and physical properties. Three samples (FBF: SF) i.e., 1:1 ratio, 3:1 ratio and 1:3 ratio with ply orientation as the reinforcement material. Then, tensile strength, compression strength, flexural strength water absorption percentage and density was conducted according to ISO and ASTM standards. The results show that the overall tensile strength shows a 1:3 ratio have shown 69 MPa which are higher than 1:1 ratio and 3:1 ratio. 3:1 ratio. In a compression strength test also 12.30 MPa which was higher result is obtained from 3:1 ratio. For both flexural(bending) strength and water absorption (for ordinary tap water and rainwater) test 380 MP a and (2.64 % and 3.07 %) respectively resulted, which are relatively less than from 1:1 ratio and 3:1ratio.
Keywords: Experiment, flexural strength, GP resin, Hybrid composite, Volume fraction