Study of Homogeneous Chipboard Manufacturing using Betung Bamboo (Dendrocalamus Asper) Mixed with Polyethylene Addictive
Salman Salim1, Mona Lena Abdul Aziz2, Sufyan Abdullah3, Mohamad Hairi Osman4, Mastura Najiha Salman5
1Salman Salim*, Centre for Diploma Studies, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Pagoh, Johor, Malaysia.  

2Mona Lena Abdul Aziz, Technical Division, Performance Audit Sector, National Audit Department, Precint 1, Federal Government Administrative Centre, 62000 Putrajaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
3Sufyan Abdullah, Faculty of Engineering Technology, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Pagoh, Johor, Johor, Malaysia.
4Mohamad Hairi Osman, Faculty of Engineering Technology, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Pagoh, Johor, Johor, Malaysia.
5Mastura Najiha Salman, Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Parit Raja, Batu Pahat, Johor, Malaysia.
Manuscript received on November 24, 2021. | Revised Manuscript received on December 14, 2021. | Manuscript published on December 30, 2021. | PP: 68-71 | Volume-11 Issue-2, December 2021. | Retrieval Number:  100.1/ijeat.B32791211221 | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.B3279.1211221
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Abstract: Bamboo is an evergreen plant native to Asia and America that grows at every altitude, even in unideal climate conditions. Betung bamboo or its scientific name Dendrocalamus Asper is one of the bamboo species that are easily found in peninsular Malaysia. This study examined the characteristics of Betung bamboo and its potential to manufacture chipboard. Several tests were conducted, namely modulus of elastic (MOE), modulus of rupture (MOR), thickness swelling (TS), and water absorption (WA) to evaluate the potential of Betung bamboo as the primary material in the manufacture of chipboard mixed with polyethylene as additive are the parameters considered. This study found that the composition of 70% bamboo and 30% polyethylene was produced optimum chipboard which met BS EN standards (British and European Standard). It was also found that the MOE and MOR values of the resulting chipboard exceeded the medium density board standards. For WA and TS values, the chipboard achieved the standard requirements. Thus, this study concludes that chipboard made of Betung bamboo with the addition of polyethylene is suitable to be applied for internal and external doors, and internal paneling for any commercial or domestic building and furniture.
Keywords: Betung Bamboo, Chipboard, and Polyethylene

Scope of the Article: Manufacturing Processes.