MRI Image Segmentation, Prediction and Diagnostic Accuracy: Deep Learning Framework and Machine Learning Techniques Analysis for Reducing The impact of Cardiac Diseases
R. Kannan1, V. Vasanthi2
1R. Kannan*, Research Scholar, Department of Computer Science, Rathinam College of Arts and Science, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.
2Dr. V. Vasanthi, Assistant Professor, Department of ICT, Sri Krishna Adithya College of Arts and Science, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.
Manuscript received on November 25, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on December 08, 2019. | Manuscript published on December 30, 2019. | PP: 333-341 | Volume-9 Issue-2, December, 2019. | Retrieval Number: B3138129219/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.B3138.129219
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Background: Usage of tele – monitoring system of electronic patient record (EHR) and magnetic reasoning is expected to increase rapidly in near future, yet numerous studies have examined cardiovascular risk prediction and statistic adoptive approach could improve clinical risk prediction. Objectives: To assess the performance outcomes of various techniques for predicting the risk of cardiovascular diseases and MRI image segmentation method on the basis of systematic review. Research Design: Retrospective Cardiovascular study. We associate UCI dataset, AHA dataset, real time patient datasets, hospital dataset and sunny broken dataset from 2017 to 2019, and predicted risk using the logistic regression, stochastic gradient boosted, random forest, SVM, ROC Curve, KNN algorithm, MXNET UNET. Measures: The proposed methods have been developed in four categories to accurately diagnose cardiovascular diseases. We assessed to analyze and compared the accuracy of four different machine learning algorithms with the ROC for assessing and diagnosing cardiovascular disease from UCI cardiac datasets. The research will then focus on to predict heart diseases automatically by segmenting and classifying the patients’ heart data in real- time with the help of machine learning algorithms, big data, wireless heart monitor and smart phones. We further improve the prediction accuracy by using logistic regression and ROC Curve to improve the prediction performance. Consequently, K- Nearest-Neighbor (KNN) method, R programming language and big data where applied to easily find the nearest hospitals, monitor and provide on-time visualization to the medical professionals. Finally, we propose automatic myocardial segmentation method for cardiac MRI on the basis of Deep Convolutional neural network.
Keywords: Machine learning, Deep learning, logistic regression, KNN algorithm, ROC Curve, Convolutional neural network, Heart disease.