Performance and Emission Analysis of CIDI Engine Fueled with Palm Biodiesel Blends and Nano Particles
Kavide Shekhar1, Sirivella Vijaya Bhaskar2

1Kavide Shekhar,  M. Tech. Scholar, Mechanical Dept. Sreenidhi Institute of Science and Technology, Yamnapet, Hyderabad, (Telangana) India.
2Sirivella Vijaya Bhaskar,  Professor, Mechanical Dept. Sreenidhi Institute of Science and Technology, Yamnapet, Hyderabad, (Telangana) India.
Manuscript received on November 21, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on December 15, 2019. | Manuscript published on December 30, 2019. | PP: 640-646 | Volume-9 Issue-2, December, 2019. | Retrieval Number:  B2851129219/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.B2851.129219
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Abstract: The diesel fuel is most extensively used fossil fuel in automotives and a single major source of hazardous environment pollutant across the globe. As of late, the exploration thinks about distinguished that plant based biodiesel are turning into a promising option sustainable fuel and the consumable/non-eatable oils and creature fats can be utilized feed-stock in arrangement of biodiesel, in light of the fact that its chemical properties practically like fossil diesel fuel, non-poisonous, clean consuming and inexhaustible source. In this work, the performance analysis and emission characteristics of single cylinder, 4-stroke, and water cooled diesel engine was carried-out using Palm oil methyl ester as biodiesel alternative to diesel fuel. Experimental tests have been conducted with range of engine loads using palm oil methyl ester (PME) and its diesel blends with biodiesel in the ratio of 10:90 (B10), 20:80 (B20), and 30:70 (B30), 40:60 (B40), PME 100% (B100) and petro-diesel 100% by volume with and without antimony tin oxide (ATO) additive. In this research work brake power (BP), brake thermal efficiency (BTE), brake specific fuel consumption (BSFC), fuel consumption (FC) are considered as engine performance characteristics and carbon monox ide (CO), hydro carbons (HC), oxides of nitrogen (NOx) are considered as emission characteristics. The experimental results revealed that B10 blend of biodiesel has comparable brake thermal efficiency as diesel. B10 has lowest and B100 has highest BSFC, FC among all the biodiesel blends and biodiesel has lower CO emission, lower HC emission and moderately higher NOx emission when compared with diesel. B10 has shown comparable performance as diesel and it can be considered as alternative to diesel fuel.
Keywords: Biodiesel, Performance, PME, Transesterification.