Effect of Different Operating Conditions on Performance of Commercial Low-Temperature Thermoelectric Modules
Dipak S. Patil1, R. R. Arakerimath2, P. V. Walke3, R. S. Shelke4
1Mr. Dipak S. Patil*, Mechanical Department, G. H. Raisoni College of Engineering, Nagpur, India.
2Dr Rachayya. R. Arakerimath, Mechanical Department, G. H. Raisoni College of Engineering, Pune, India.
3Dr. Pramod V. Walke, Mechanical Department, G. H. Raisoni College of Engineering, Nagpur, India.
4Dr. Rupesh S. Shelke, Mechanical Department, G. H. Raisoni College of Engineering, Nagpur, India.
Manuscript received on November 25, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on December 08, 2019. | Manuscript published on December 30, 2019. | PP: 1781-1791 | Volume-9 Issue-2, December, 2019. | Retrieval Number: B2544129219/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.B2544.129219
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: In the field of waste heat recovery, thermoelectric generators (TEG) are used to convert waste heat to electric power. This system attracts the attention of researchers to make it more and more efficient. The performance of thermoelectric module (TEM) plays a crucial role for thermoelectric system. Appropriate selection of thermoelectric module is one of the important criteria for enhancing the power output and conversion efficiency of thermoelectric generator. In this work, the effect of various operating conditions on performance of thermoelectric modules was experimentally investigated. Three commercial bismuth telluride (Bi2Te3 ) thermoelectric modules (TEM1, TEM2, and TEM3) were experimentally tested to find the best performance module for low-temperature waste heat. The open-circuit voltage, power output, and conversion efficiency were measured at various operating conditions. Different operating parameters such as water mass flow rate, heater voltage, hot and cold side temperature of thermoelectric module, and external load resistance were considered for this work. An electric heater was used as a heat source and water used as a cooling fluid at heat sink side. It was observed that the TEM1 shows maximum power output of 0.31, 0.71 and 1.25W, for temperature ranges of 80-100, 100-150, and 150-200 oC respectively. TEM3 achieved maximum power output 0.81W for temperature range of 100-150 oC. TEM1, TEM2 and TEM3 have the maximum conversion efficiency of 1.37, 0.60, and 1.64 % respectively. The TEM2 having less power output and conversion efficiency for temperature range of 80-200 oC compare to TEM1 and TEM3. However, the TEM1 is more appropriate for temperature range of 80-200 oC and the TEM3 is also suitable for the temperature range of 80-150 oC.
Keywords: Bismuth telluride; Conversion efficiency; Open circuit voltage; Power output; Thermoelectric module.