2D Hypersonic Scramjet Inlet Geometry of Mach 7 using CFD
Nagesh Kumar Pagilla1, S. Vijaya bhaska2, P.N. Reddy3
1Nagesh Kumar Pagilla, M. Tech. Scholar, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sreenidhi Institute of Science and Technology, Ghatkesar, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.
2S.Vijaya Bhaskar, Professor Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sreenidhi Institute of Science and Technology, Ghatkesar, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.
3P.N. Reddy, Associate professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sreenidhi Institute of Science and Technology, Ghatkesar, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.
Manuscript received on November 20, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on December 30, 2019. | Manuscript published on December 30, 2019. | PP: 5419-5422 | Volume-9 Issue-2, December, 2019. | Retrieval Number: B2343129219/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.B2343.129219
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: In the era of space transportations there is a huge demand on space technology to improve on cost reduction and take the heavy loads into space. Thus the load carrying capacities will be increase with this air breathing engines. This work gives a report on the design, analysis of optimal 2D scramjet engine inlet operating at Mach 7 without use of movable geometry. A computational study for scramjet inlet with different ramp angles is carried out. Several cases are considered to compress the air by rounding leading edge without moving the whole cowl up and down, by fixing the cowl lip and assuming axisymmetric inlet with rounded edge. The numerical tests are conducted to obtain maximum total pressure recovery, drag force and outlet Mach number for given flight condition. Two dimensional effects are studied with Navier-strokes approach to compute the pressure and Mach number at a different location. Oblique shock waves, expansion waves and shock wave interactions are primarily focused. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) solver is used; steady flow simulations are carried out for inlet geometries with one, two, three and four ramps. Geometrical shape is redesigned based on oblique shock wave analysis. The corrected model is tested on Fluent with boundary layer considerations that the theoretical analysis is not able to cover. Lastly, a conclusion summarizing the design process is drawn and the optimal model is recommended for the Mach 7 inlet with different ramps with contraction ratio 10. It had been observed that two ramp scramjet inlet model has been preferred to use which has optimum pressure recovery and lower drag.
Keywords: Scramjet, CFD, Oblique shockwave, Hypersonic.