Upgrading the Northern Coast Residential Building Performance by using Affordable Methods(Marsa Matrouh Case of Study)
Tamer Elgohary1, Nisreen Abdeen2
1Tamer Elgohary*, Civil department, Heliopolis university, Cairo, Egypt.
2Nisreen Abdeen, Architecture department, Heliopolis universityy, Cairo, Egypt.
Manuscript received on December 02, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on December 05, 2020. | Manuscript published on December 30, 2020. | PP: 120-126 | Volume-10 Issue-2, December 2020. | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijeat.B20371210220 | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.B2037.1210220
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Residential buildings at coastal zone of Egypt face a great shortage in ventilation and thermal comfort, although it has a good orientation to the north. The research focused on Marsa Matrouh city because it is a poor community that has the privilege of sea view. So the research goal is to apply passive natural techniques to apply thermal comfort in this region to decrease the high rise temperature, the IPCC reports stated that there will be high rise temperature for this region as a results of climate change scenarios, for this reason the research aimed to upgrade the existed residential building to cope with this expected high temperature in natural passive way, also it is a good sample for implementing national architecture identity to achieve sustainability by using wooden shatter, wind capture and double glazing. In this research we proved that the optimum affordable natural ventilation technique is the using of double glassing and wooden overhang above each window, this suggested system allowed the air flow to be sucked in order to reduce internal temperature and energy consumption inside any residential buildings. Also the research verified the efficiency of this system by using soft computing technique (Design builder) for measuring the quantities of air flow, solar energy, carbon dioxide emissions, temperature and energy consumption. We aimed to optimize the suggested system to create a new methodology for thermal comfort at coastal zones to solve the high rise temperature issue.
Keywords: Coastal zone, thermal comfort; natural ventilation, low cost building; wind capture; Mars Matrouh.
Scope of the Article: Thermal Engineering