Mobile Contactless Solution Using Near Field Communication (NFC)-Based Transport Payment Platform with Points Segmentation: An Improvement of Haversine Implementation
Wellanie M. Molino1, Joel B. Mangaba2
1Wellanie M. Molino, University of the East-Manila, Technological University of the Philippines.
2Joel B. Mangaba, University of Makati.
Manuscript received on 22 April 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 01 May 2019 | Manuscript Published on 05 May 2019 | PP: 242-248 | Volume-8 Issue-2S2, May 2019 | Retrieval Number: B10510182S219/19©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: The advent of global interoperability between Near Field Communication (NFC) smartphones and existing contactless technology can be a game changer for public transport infrastructure. A key application of NFC can be found in the field of contactless payment ecosystem. It can drastically change current systems of isolated technologies in public transport by providing new approaches for a national or international interoperable fare management scheme. In this study, a development of mobile contactless solution using NFC-based transport payment platform with points segmentation” was designed and developed to support public transport operators and passengers deploy NFC solutions that can enhance the efficiency of public transport system by allowing NFC-enabled mobile phone to read and write NFC card. Fares are calculated according to the distance travelled by generating consecutive pairs of distance traces called point segments where haversine algorithm was repeatedly applied for all the trace IDs. NFC enabled smartphone act as the contactless reader or a Ticket Vending Machine connected with the back end server that could provide online top-ups directly to the NFC card via payment gateway. Specifically, in this system, the Host Card Emulation (HCE) technology was used to allow tap-in and tap-out transactions to directly communicate with an NFC enabled smartphone instead of a physical sim or microchip card without collaborating with mobile network operator. The cloud-based application using Amazon web services was utilized to manage the computations of the encryption process and store sensitive data securely.
Keywords: Near Field Communication (NFC),Card Emulation Process, Haversine Algorithm, Transport Payment System.
Scope of the Article: Wireless Communication