New Transportation Fuel: Green Plants and Hydrogen, Rajasthan
Rashmi Sharma1, Garima Lohiya2
1Dr. Rashmi Sharma, Associate Professor, SPC Govt. College, Ajmer (Rajasthan), India.
2Garima Lohiya Research Scholar, SPC Govt. College, Ajmer (Rajasthan), India.
Manuscript received on 07 December 2018 | Revised Manuscript received on 18 December 2018 | Manuscript published on 30 December 2018 | PP: 117-118 | Volume-8 Issue-2C2, December 2018 | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijeat.B10261282C218/18©BEIESP
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Abstract: Heart of Rajasthan, Ajmer with the 8481 sq. km. area is located in the north west of India between 25 0 38 “ and 26 0 58 “ north 75 0 22” E longitude, surrounded all sides by Aravalli mountains. Serpentile hills (Nag Pahar ) protects it from becoming desert. Pushkar means “blue lotus”, is old pilgrim near Ajmer. Ajmer also famous for Mayo college, Anasagar, Foysagar, Soniji ki Nasiyaan, Akbari fort Museum, Nareli jain Teerth and the second holiest shrine after Mecca, is khawaja Moinuddin chisti’s Dargah. Ajmer is located in semi-arid zone so the flora and fauna also adapted to survive in the dry,waterless region of the state. Petroleum has been used as transportation fuel for more than last 100 years, but it is not fulfilling the need of increasing population , also cause Air pollution. LPG, CNG, Diesel are also used as Fuel. Most promising replacement come from organic biomass crops such as Corn(Zea mays), Rapeseed (Brassica napus), Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum), Palm oil(Arecaceae), Jatropha (Jatropha curcas), Soybean (Glycine max), Cotton seed (Gossypium arboretum), Sunflower (Helianthus annuus),Wheat (Triticum aestivum) and Switch grass (Panicum virgatum). Biofuels are better than fossil fuels. because : 1. Biofuels are renewable. 2. They lower toxic emission. 3. They burn clean. 4. No need to import them. 5. They can be grown locally and produced locally. Ethanol is produced from plants and mingled with petroleum diesel and gasoline.Green fuel, biofuel is distilled from plants and animals. It is environment friendly and through fermentation to create ethanol. Oil producing plants, Vegetable oil, coconut oil can be used as fossil oil to create diesel that can be burn by vehicle. One more fungus Botryococcus braunii which store more fat (tree fungus ) can also provide green fuel. The organism found in Patagonia rain forest produce a mixture of chemicals that is similar to diesel. The fungus Gliocladium roseum grow inside Ulmo tree (Eucryphia cordifolia) North Patagonia produce large amount of long chain hydrocarbon similar to fossil fuel. Green algaes can also produce biofuels, 01 acre of algae can produce 200 times as much oil as 01 acre corn. Corn (Zea mays), Rapeseed (Brassica napus), Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum), can be used as biofuels in Ajmer, Rajasthan. Hydrogen is also a clean fuel, when used as a fuel produces water only. Thus Biofuel can be produced by green plants which are renewable and clean. Comparative account of biofuel plants and fossil fuels are studied in the present paper with special reference to Rajasthan.
Keywords: Biofuels, Green Plants, Fossil Fuels, Algae, Fungus.
Scope of the Article: Transportation Engineering