Numerical Investigation on Friction Factor Characteristics for Protruded Channel under Turbulent Cross-Flow Condition
M. K. Sahu1, K. M. Pandey2, S. Chatterjee3
1M.K. Sahu, Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Silchar (Assam), India.
2K.M. Pandey, Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Silchar (Assam), India.
3S.Chatterjee, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Cooch Behar Government Engineering College, Cooch Behar (West Bengal), India.
Manuscript received on 07 December 2018 | Revised Manuscript received on 18 December 2018 | Manuscript published on 30 December 2018 | PP: 69-73 | Volume-8 Issue-2C2, December 2018 | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijeat.B10151282C218/18©BEIESP
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Abstract: In the present study, the effect of protrusion pitch, protrusion height, and duct Reynolds number on friction factor characteristics of small rectangular channel with protrusions in cross-flow scheme is analyzed to obtain a suitable configuration of protrusion pattern. Cross-flow is obtained by combining main duct flow (along the direction of length of duct) and nozzle flow which ejects air normal to the protruded bottom wall for the enhancement of heat transfer rate. Finite volume method is used to solve conservation of mass, momentum, and energy equations along with k-ω turbulence model for the analysis of hydraulic performance of protruded channel. Reynolds number from 8360 to 33950 for duct flow and 5120 for nozzle flow are considered with air as working fluid. It is predicted that the friction factor is increased with the increase in protrusion pitch.
Keywords: Channel, Cross Flow, Friction Factor, Protrusion.
Scope of the Article: Refrigeration and Air Conditioning