Modern Investigation of Issues and Ad-Hoc Routing Protocols Applied To VANET
Pawan Kumar Saini1, Kapil Bhagchandani2, Yatendra Mohan Sharma3
1Pawan Kumar Saini, M. Tech. Student, Department of Computer Science, Jagannath University, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.
2Kapil Bhagchandani, M. Tech. Student Department of Computer Science, Jagannath University, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.
3Yatendra Mohan Sharma, Research Scholar, Department of Computer Science, Banasthali University, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.
Manuscript received on November 22, 2012. | Revised Manuscript received on December 12, 2012. | Manuscript published on December 30, 2012. | PP: 216-220 | Volume-2, Issue-2, December 2012.  | Retrieval Number: B0903112212 /2012©BEIESP

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Abstract: During the last decade, with the advancement in network technologies and wireless communications, researchers inspired from a new type of network called vehicular ad hoc network (VANET). The Vehicular ad hoc network (VANET) is a new model of Mobile ad hoc network for wireless communication between vehicles on road or in between the vehicle to road side unit to provide the safety and comfort to vehicles in transportation system. Recent research work in VANET emphasis on particular areas like routing, security and quality of service but due to high dynamic nature of this network, designing an efficient routing protocol for all VANET applications is very hard, still there are scope of reconstruction or creation of new design of protocol, services for VANET architectures. The modification in existing approach or proposed a novel way of routing is milestone but a survey of routing protocols based on various parameters of VANET is a necessary issue in vehicle-to- vehicle (V2V) and infrastructure-to- vehicle (IVC) communication for smart ITS. This paper presents modern investigation of ad hoc routing protocols and the approaches that are proposed recently specially for vehicular ad hoc network with their advantages and shortcomings, which can be helpful for researchers to understand the routing protocols of VANET and can be used to enhance of existing protocol or proposed a new approach.
Keywords: VANET, MANET, Ad hoc Routing Protocols.