Heat Transfer Enhancement by the Usage of Low Concentration MgO-Water Nanofluid
Sanjay V. Kadam1, Suhas S. Mohite2, Vishal S Kumbhar3
1Sanjay V. Kadam, Research Scholar, Department, of Mechanical Engineering Government college of Engineering Karad, Shivaji University, India.
2Dr. Suhas S. Mohite, professor, Department, of Mechanical Engineering Government college of Engineering Karad, Shivaji University, India.
3Vishal S Kumbhar, Rajarambapu Institute of Technology Islampur Shivaji University India.
Manuscript received on September 22, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on October 20, 2019. | Manuscript published on October 30, 2019. | PP: 1985-1990 | Volume-9 Issue-1, October 2019 | Retrieval Number: A9528109119/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.A9528.109119
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: The current tentative work proposes the convective heat transfer enhancement by means of using low concentrations MgO-Water nanofluid flowing via tube. Nanofluid is the rising heat transfer fluids which consists solid nano-sized particles suspended in base fluid. Total three volume concentrations (0.005%, 0.01%, and 0.05%) and four unique sizes of nano particle (7 nm, 40nm, 60 nm, 100nm) are used to prepare nanofluid with distilled water. There are different correlations available to find nano fluid properties but they are not applicable as these are dependent on number of parameter like base fluid properties, particle size, shape and concentration of nano particle in a base fluid. Therefore actual measurements of different properties are carried out. Experimental investigation is executed for different Reynolds no, particle concentration and different size of nano particle. It is experimental that average heat transfer augmentation of 44.73% is obtained for 0.05% volume concentration (40 nm size) as compared to distilled water. It is found that there is augmentation of heat transfer with amplifying in particle concentration and reducing in size of nano particles. The typical improvement in Nusselt number for particle sizes of 7 nm, 40 nm, 60 and 100nm are found to be 37.76%, 36.53%, 35.15% and 32.26% respectively as compared to distilled water. It is found that as volume concentration increases and size of nanoparticle decreases there is augmentation of heat transfer.
Keywords: Base Fluid, Nanoparticle, Heat Transfer.