Factors Affecting Traffic Management using Two Step Cluster
Rachna Yaduvanshi1, Sanjeev Bansal2, Anita Kumar3

1Rachna Yaduvanshi*, Research Scholar, Amity Business School, Amity University Noida, India.
2Prof (Dr) Sanjeev Bansal, Amity Business School, Amity University Noida, India.
3Dr Anita Kumar, Amity Business School, Amity University Noida, India.
Manuscript received on September 22, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on October 15, 2019. | Manuscript published on October 30, 2019. | PP: 1184-1189 | Volume-9 Issue-1, October 2019 | Retrieval Number: A9516109119/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.A9516.109119
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: The concept of traffic congestion and traffic management is ambiguous in nature. The traffic and congestion is dependent on a number of factors that might impact the stretch of road or the framework of the traffic management systems. As the evolution of internet in last one decade and its reach to the very last person on this planet, this provides the basket of new opportunity of managing the traffic and its patterns on the basis of live traffic data from the onsite cameras, sensors, and the google maps traffic forecast the situation of traffic congestion would be avoided, which directly helps in reducing the load on environment and saving some valuable time of the commuters, and indirectly having large savings on the countries resources. In this research paper the authors have identified the factors affecting the management, flow, and working of traffic on the toll roads, national highways, and dedicated fright corridors in specific from the literature. The identified factors have been analyzed using quantitative statistical tools such as: relative importance index, Cronbach’s alpha, and cluster analysis to know the predictor importance. For this study a total of 192 valid responses were received using structured questionnaire survey. On the basis of data analysis the recommendation have be drawn and shared with the government authorities to be implemented on the highways to facilitate the commuters and all the other stakeholders associated with the traffic and traffic management. The findings of the relative importance index conclude that the most significant attributes of traffic management are No tolling for e-vehicles, use of information boards to avoid any traffic situations, and savings on fuels. Furthermore the findings of the cluster analysis concludes that the most important predictor is no-tolling for e-vehicles, followed by savings on fuels.
Keywords: Traffic management, Cluster analysis, Traffic congestion, Transport management.