Performance Analysis of Ad-Hoc Routing Protocol for Vehicular Ad-Hoc Network (VANET)
Dwi Shakti M1, Emy Haryatmi2
1Dwi Shakti M. S.T*, Electrical Engineering, Gunadarma University, Jakarta, Indonesia.
2Emy Haryatmi, Electrical Engineering, Gunadarma University, Jakarta Indonesia.
Manuscript received on September 25, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on October 15, 2019. | Manuscript published on October 30, 2019. | PP: 1098-1104 | Volume-9 Issue-1, October 2019 | Retrieval Number: A9487109119/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.A9487.109119
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Vehicular Ad-hoc Network (VANET) are an emerging technology with vehicle. As a subset of Mobile Ad-hoc Network (MANET) application, VANET is considered to be a new phase of technology to the Intelligent Transportation System (ITS). VANET is a technology Using VANET vehicles can become aware of the dynamic behavior of other vehicles regardless of the driver’s ability. In addition, infrastructure can obtain situational awareness at various levels of detail to manage traffic and potentially send emergency services. When traffic jam occurred in pick hour, vehicle in that area should be able to give a way to emergency services such as ambulance. Such traffic happened every day in Jakarta especially on weekdays. This research focused on designing the traffic condition and analyzing the routing protocol for VANET for Jakarta smart cities. Before implementing VANET in Jakarta, simulation using NS2 was conducted with two environment scenes. The first environment scene was the vehicle move one by one on each intersection. The second environment scene was the vehicle move in the opposite direction. The number of mobile nodes used in the environment scene as vehicle and infrastructure were 50, 100, 150, 200, 250, 300, and 350. we set 10 nodes as infrastructures for all number of mobile nodes used in the simulation and the remaining nodes as vehicles. We used more nodes as vehicle because the number of vehicles in the Jakarta was higher than the number of infrastructures. The network area used in this simulation was 2000×2000. We used constant bit rate (CBR), two ray ground propagation and omni antenna to simulate the environment scenes. The routing protocols used in this research were Ad-hoc On-Demand Distance Vector (AODV), Dynamic Source Routing (DSR), and Destination Sequenced Distance Vector (DSDV). The result of this research showed that AODV achieved the highest throughput and the best packet delivery ratio. The lowest end-to-end delay was achieved by DSDV. Accordingly, simulation result showed that AODV has the best performance and preferable routing protocol of VANET for Jakarta environments.
Keywords: Ad-hoc network, AODV, DSDV, DSR, NS2, VANET.