Hexagonal and Ring Packing Method for Solving Circle Packing Problem using Modified Heuristics
Apoorva Shastri1, Saaloni Sharma2, Aniket Nargundkar3

1Apoorva Shastri*, 1Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, Punjab India, 2Symbiosis Institute of Technology, Symbiosis International (Deemed University), Lavale, Pune India.
2Saaloni Sharma, 3DLF Centre,Bank of America ,Sansad Marg ,New Delhi India.
3Aniket Nargundkar, 2Symbiosis Institute of Technology, Symbiosis International (Deemed University), Lavale, Pune India.
Manuscript received on September 22, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on October 20, 2019. | Manuscript published on October 30, 2019. | PP: 2571-2576 | Volume-9 Issue-1, October 2019 | Retrieval Number: A9346109119/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.A9346.109119
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: A heuristic technique is a perspective used for problem solving, which employs a problem specific domain knowledge which might not be optimal, but sufficient for the immediate goals. The most common heuristic is trial and error, employed everywhere and anywhere. One such application is Circle Packing Problem (CPP), which is difficult to solve as it is a NP problem which is of high theoretical and practical value. In this paper we consider uniform packing of unit circles (diameter 2) in an enclosing circle. To make this study possible a class of heuristic global optimization algorithm, the Energy Paving Algorithm and a generated Monte Carlo method were studied. The heuristics applied in this study are – ring and hexagonal. The computational effectiveness of our study has been validated against these sets of algorithms. One of the applied heuristics, Hexagon packing, being a ‘natural’ geometry showed better packing efficiency than existing literature. Our second heuristic shows, higher efficiency in terms of CPU run time but underutilized available outer area. In this study, the circles are packed in 2D which is a simplified version of the various problems existing in nature as container loading, sensor network layout which has been studied by mathematicians, computer scientists and operation researchers.
Keywords: Circle Packing Problem, Novel Heuristics, Ring Packing, Hexagonal Packing.