Methods and Techniques of Conservation Process for the Heritage Building Walls
Alaa Ibrahim1, Ibrahim Marouf2

1Alaa Ibrahim Alfarahaty, Department of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt.
2Ibrahim Marouf, Department of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering, Alexandria University , Alexandria, Egypt.

Manuscript received on 10 October 2016 | Revised Manuscript received on 18 October 2016 | Manuscript Published on 30 October 2016 | PP: 81-87 | Volume-6 Issue-1, October 2016 | Retrieval Number: A4759106116/16©BEIESP
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Abstract: The issue of the conservation of architectural heritage has been given much attention on the political, cultural and academic level due to the heritage values for being cultural wealth for the nations. However the remains and ruins of these properties come under threat due to the propagation of structural work resulting from industrial development and urbanization. Hence, it has become the responsibility of government institutions to ensure the protection and conservation of humanity’s cultural heritage. That’s in a manner which strikes a balance and ensures harmony between the preservation of cultural heritage and the changes required by social and economic developments. All efforts have to be exerted to fulfill these two objectives in a spirit of understanding, in a planned timely manner and employing efficient technologies. Therefore, the main aim of the research is to enhance and highlight the new techniques and methods that used for maintaining the heritage building’s walls that could achieve the execution of temporary and definitive works. The most used methods that have been successfully implemented for several years for conserving walls are wall grouting injection, Cintec anchoring system, Fiber reinforced polymers, using prestressed steel in buildings consolidation and scaffolding systems .The research methodology is following a qualitative approach through first, defining each technique and it’s details (eg, characteristics, way of execution ,advantages , disadvantages and case study) . Second, by analyzing, evaluating the techniques and ensure its efficiency. The implementation of these techniques requires skilled labors, not only at the execution process, but also in the planning stages. The main mission of the conservators of the restoration process is to select the technique that keeps the heritage value of the building without deteriorating the building characteristics, elements or historical materials. To sum up using these techniques with accurate and suitable implementation methods, resulted in conserving the values of the heritage buildings and could safely transform them to the next generations. The researcher 2016
Keywords: Grouting Injection, Cintec Anchoring System, Fiber Reinforced Polymers, Prestressed Steel, Scaffolding Systems

Scope of the Article: Building Energy