Simulation and Experimental Performance Solar PV Water Pumping System using BI-Facial Concentrator
Vijayashree C1, Amuthini P2, Preetha3
1Vijayashree C,  Nandanam,  Gandhiparam Sieekaryam, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India.
2Amuthini P,  Nandanam,  Gandhiparam Sieekaryam, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India.
3Preetha,  Nandanam, Gandhiparam Sieekaryam, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India.
Manuscript received on September 20, 2014. | Revised Manuscript received on October 09, 2014. | Manuscript published on October 30, 2014. | PP: 209-212  | Volume-4 Issue-1, October 2014. | Retrieval Number:  A3528104114/2013©BEIESP

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Abstract: In present scenario has water pumps in every household of a city that are driven by electric motors connected to the utility network. The use of photovoltaic as the power source for pumping water is considered as one of the most promising area of PV application but initial cost of the system was high. In this paper, viable alternative to reduce the final cost of the pumped water volume is proposed by using low concentration cavities. Bi-facial concentrators are particularly appropriate for photovoltaic applications since, for certain combinations of the concentration ratio (C) and vertex vertex angle (ψ), they provide uniform illumination on the region where the modules are located. A model of solar PV water pumping system designed for water requirement of 1500 liters/day and maximum head of 5m. This pumping system model was simulated using PVSYST software and ray tracing model of concentrator was simulated using Trace Pro software. Results shows that, for the climate of the city of Chennai (India), 60 % improvement in annual pumped water volume and 28% of cost reduction for concentrator system when compared to fixed SPVWP system.
Keywords: Bifacial Concentrator, PVSYST, Concentrating Mirror.