The Assessing and Prediction of Biogas Production and Dissemination Rate in Ardebil City Landfills and Chemical Analysis of Obtained Biogas
Ali Shamel1, Reza Alayi2, Leila Abbaszadeh3
1Ali Shamel, Department of Chemistry, Islamic Azad University Ardabil Branch, Ardabil, Iran.
2Reza Alayi, Department of Mechanics, Islamic Azad University Ardabil Branch, Ardabil, Iran.
3Leila Abbaszadeh, Department of Chemistry, Islamic Azad University Ardabil Branch, Ardabil, Iran.
Manuscript received on September 22, 2014. | Revised Manuscript received on October 11, 2014. | Manuscript published on October 30, 2014. | PP: 84-88 | Volume-4 Issue-1, October 2014. | Retrieval Number: A3473104114/2013©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: The main purpose of making municipal landfills and produced biogas collecting is to prevent the emission of greenhouse gases such as Methane and also using the heating value involved in this gas. A propose to bury Ardabil’s wastes and the analysis of produced gases in terms of quality and quantity is presented in this research. In recent years, Landfill projects include equipments to control, gas transmission and also using the biogas energy. Landfill gases that are called LFG are obtained from performing a series of biochemical reactions, in anaerobic conditions, on organic dissoluble matters available in the waste; these gases are Methane, Carbon Dioxide and Hydrogen gases, Hydrogen Sulfide and volatile organic compounds. The assessing and prediction of biogas production and dissemination rate is important in Landfill designing and successful using of produced gases as renewable energy sources. Produced gases in landfills, after extraction and filtration can directly supply energy needed for industry such as lighting, fuel needed for gas turbines and electricity producing generators and even they can be used to set up simultaneous production units of heat and power. In the first part of this study, the explanation of the methods, equations and used assumptions are explained. In the second part, Ardabil city’s landfill conditions have been introduced and in addition to that, the amount of waste and other information contained on this site has been evaluated. In this research, the waste of Ardabil city is studied and the gases resulting from landfill are analyzed carefully, using LANDGEM software. After running the LANDGEM software concluded. During operation of the project the emissions gases about 50% is the methane gas.
Keywords: Biogas, Landfill, Waste, LFG, Methane, Renewable energy.