Comparative Analysis of Manual and Mechanised Yam Minisett Planting
A. K. Arkoh1, S. K. Amponsah2, J. Opoku Asante3
1A. K. Arkoh*, Automotive and Refrigeration Engineering, Takoradi Technical University, Takoradi, Ghana.
2S. K. Amponsah, CSIR-Crops Research Institute, Kumasi, Ghana.
3J. Opoku-Asante, Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana
Manuscript received on August 29, 2021. | Revised Manuscript received on September 20, 2021. | Manuscript published on October 30, 2021. | PP: 114-119 | Volume-11 Issue-1, October 2021. | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijeat.A31161011121 | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.A3116.1011121
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: Pain in yam cultivation has been identified as critical areas in yam cultivation. The aim of the study was to compare the manual and mechanised yam minisett planting. To address this problem, heart rate (HR) of workers during mounding and ridging, and planting were measured as well as assessing economic feasibility in mechanising yam planting. Polar watch (RS 800 CX) was used to measure HR of the operations. Hoe and cutlasses were used for mounding and ridging. The HR of tractor operator during planting was determined. Descriptive statistics and analysis of variance (ANOVA) were done using GenStat software (VSN International, 2011). Statistical significance was carried out at p<0.05. The field capacity was 3.84 and 1.45 h/ha for mechanised and manual, respectively. The mean HR was 112.80 and 112.7 bpm for mounding and ridging respectively while 112.00, 132.00 bpm for mechanised and manual, respectively. Mechanised yam minisett planting reduces labour cost by 50%.
Keywords: Drudgery, manual, mechanised, planting, yam Minisett.