Bilingualism as a Social Factor of Youth Migration
Albina R. Shakurova1, Rezida V. Dautova2, Vladimir A. Belyaev3, Anna A. Akhmetshina4

1Albina R. Shakurova, Kazan Federal University, Kazan, Russia.
2Rezida V. Dautova, Kazan Federal University, Kazan, Russia.
3Vladimir A. Belyaev, Kazan National Research Technical University  Tupolev, Russia.
4Anna A. Akhmetshina, Kazan National Research Technical University  Tupolev, Russia.
Manuscript received on September 23, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on October 15, 2019. | Manuscript published on October 30, 2019. | PP:7373-7376 | Volume-9 Issue-1, October 2019 | Retrieval Number: A3094109119/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.A3094.109119
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Abstract: Analysis of the situation with bilingualism among the youth of a megapolis and a middle-sized city in the Republic of Tatarstan is performed. The indigenization processes in power and management institutions, educational and cultural institutions and the impact of this process on the formation of migration motivation in the middle-sized cities of Tatarstan are considered. The ambiguous role of bilingual simulacra in the process of choosing by young people a place of residence is shown. The contradiction between real professional career opportunities and the choice of a job in a megapolis in the case of command of the two main languages in the Republic of Tatarstan and the unstable simulation capabilities of myths in solving the problems of bilingualism in the megapolis are revealed. The prevalence of migratory attitudes among high school seniors in middle-sized towns, and the presence of a stable orientation among some young people to live in their hometowns, as well as the existence of the opposite vector, which forces individual boys and girls to return to their small motherland due to disappointment in the simulacra of megapolises, including bilingual simulacra in cultural and domestic sphere, collapsing under the influence of globalization. On the basis of mass surveys of youth in the Republic of Tatarstan, Kazan and medium-sized cities, the important role of the psychophysiological characteristics of youth and their great susceptibility to bilingual simulacra in the process of forming migration attitudes are revealed.
Keywords: Megapolis, Middle-sized town, Youth, Indigenization, Migration settings, Migration motivation, Bilingual simulacra, Bilingualism.