Comb Former Parameters for a Cotton Seeder
Farmon Mamatov1, Bakhadir Mirzaev2, Mukhayo Shoumarova3, Parakhat Berdimuratov4, Dadakhon Khodzhaev5
1Farmon Mamatov, Karshi branch of Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers Karshi, Uzbekistan
2Bakhadir Mirzaev, Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization EngineersTashkent, Uzbekistan.
3Mukhayo Shoumarova, Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization EngineersTashkent, Uzbekistan.
4Parakhat Berdimuratov, Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization EngineersTashkent, Uzbekistan
5Dadakhon Khodzhaev, Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization EngineersTashkent, Uzbekistan.
Manuscript received on September 23, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on October 15, 2019. | Manuscript published on October 30, 2019. | PP: 4824-4826 | Volume-9 Issue-1, October 2019 | Retrieval Number: A2932109119/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.A2932.109119
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Success in cultivating cotton largely depends on the timing and quality of soil preparation for sowing and sowing, and the latter, in turn, depends on how it is carried out and on the perfect design of the machines. The aim of the study is to justify the shape of the ridges and the parameters of the moulder to the cotton seeder. The authors proposed a new technology for sowing with the simultaneous formation of ridges. The shape and parameters of the ridge are theoretically substantiated. When performing the shape of the ridge in the form of an isosceles trapezoid and, accordingly, with a height and width of the ridge surface of at least 100 mm and 160 mm, the seed bed is protected from flooding by rain streams. The design of the developed comb moulder to a cotton seeder for the implementation of the proposed technology is given. Theoretically substantiated the main parameters of the crest moulder. It was found that when the input edge of the moulder is 290-320 mm wide, the output edge is 160 mm, the angle of inclination of the side blade to the direction of movement is 20°, the length of the runner of the moulder is 203-215 mm, the height of the side blade is 100 mm and the angle of installation of the side blade to horizon 42-45° ensures high quality implementation of the technological process of formation of ridges. When sowing cotton seeds on the ridges with the simultaneous formation of the ridge, the seedlings of the plants increase, and the cotton yield increases compared to the smooth sowing method of 9.9%.
Keywords: cotton, sowing machine, technology, rake-forming machine, rain stream, seed bed, comb