Functional Changes of Under Stilt Houseas an Effort of Adaptation and Adjustment in Settlement
Bambang Wicaksono1, Ari Siswanto2, Susilo Kusdiwanggo3, Widya Fransiska Febriati Anwar4

1Bambang Wicaksono*,  Department Architecture Urban and Regional Planning, Indo Global Mandiri University of Palembang.
2Ari Siswanto, Department Architecture Engineering, Sriwijaya University, Jalan Srijaya Negara, Kota Palembang.
3Susilo Kusdiwanggo, Department Architecture, Brawijaya University, Jalan Mayjen Haryono, Malang Jawa Timur.
4Widya Fransiska Febriati Anwar, Department Architecture Engineering, Sriwijaya University, Jalan Srijaya Negara, Kota Palembang,
Manuscript received on September 03, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on September 22, 2019. | Manuscript published on October 30, 2019. | PP: 3543-3551 | Volume-9 Issue-1, October 2019 | Retrieval Number: A2684109119/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.A2684.109119
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Abstract: The development and change of stilt house on the Musi riverside are influenced by river geography. Model houses on the banks of the river Musi in the form of houses on stilts. The effort to build a stilts houseis inseparable from the condition of the Musi river, which is generally in the form of wetlands, so that housing is needed that can adapt to the water environment. In the initial conditions of settlements, under the riverfront house stage functioned as allowing air to move so as to minimize the humidity that is under the stage. With the current settlement conditions, people make adjustments or change the settlement environment as a form of adaptation to the tidal Musiriver. Stilt houses are an alternative place to stay that continues in the Palembang river community in dealing with climate and weather. This study aims to determine the tendency of morphological changes in the development of space under the stilt house. In achieving the objectives of the study carried out to identify architectural models, explore the activities of community settlements on the banks of the Musiriver. Data collection is done through field observations, literature studies, and in-depth interviews. Data analysis was carried out qualitatively on the variable elements of the building, with identification of riverfront stilt house models. The results show that the house on the river bank has experienced physical changes in the model house on stilts, both in terms of function and building materials. Changes in the physical elements of houses from wood to fabrication occurred in some of the stilt houses on the banks of the river Musi, resulting in river bank settlements dominated by brick or terrestrial houses.
Keywords: Settlements, Adaptation, Adjustment, Stilt House, Riverside.