Chemical Composition of Melaleuca Cajuputi Powell
Zainon Mat Sharif1, Alifah Farhana Kamal2, Nurul Jannah Jalil3
1Zainon Mat Sharif*, Institute of Energy Infrastructure, University Tenaga Nasional, Putrajaya Campus, Jalan IKRAM-UNITEN, Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia.
2Alifah Farhana Kamal, College of Graduate Student, University Tenaga Nasional, Putrajaya Campus, Jalan IKRAM-UNITEN, Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia.
3Nurul Jannah Jalil, College of Graduate Student ,University Tenaga Nasional, Putrajaya Campus, Jalan IKRAM-UNITEN, Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia.
Manuscript received on September 12, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on September 22, 2019. | Manuscript published on October 30, 2019. | PP: 3479-3483 | Volume-9 Issue-1, October 2019 | Retrieval Number: A2668109119/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.A2668.109119
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Essential oil extracted from Melaleucagenus has been widely used worldwidefor many purposes. Most of the its has been reported as the source of phytochemical compound where mostly have anti-inflammatory, antiulcer, antioxidant, antimicrobial and insecticide properties. Thus, three objectives that have been highlighted in this study are (1) to extract essential oil (cajuput oil) from fresh leaves of Melaleucacajuputi Powell using simple steam distillation,(2) to determine the chemical components of Melaleucacajuput Powell essential oil using GCMS and (3) to compare the chemical compound and its percentage with the previous study. Results found that there were 41 chemical compounds that have been identified. The chemical compounds were monoterpenes such as α-terpinolene, α-pinene, sabinene, 4-terpineol and γ-terpinene. The highest chemical compounds found were caryophyllene (20.16%), α-terpinolene (17.0%),α-humulene (11.91%), βelemene (7.62%) and γ-terpinene (5.62%). In previous research, 1,8-cineole chemical compound was foundhowever, in this study a different chemical compound found, it was caryophyllene, this is due to different geographic area. As a conclusion, most of the compounds found was aromatic, antibacterial andinsecticide properties.
Keywords: Essential Oil Cajuput, Melaleuca Cajuputi Powell, Myrtacea, Phytochemical, Insecticide.