Evaluation of Fiber Type and Water-Binder Ratio Influence on Concrete Properties
Shashi Kumara S. R.1, D.L. Venkatesh Babu2, B.C. Udayashankar3, Bharath S.4
1Shashi Kumara S.R., Department of Civil Engineering, JSS Academy of Technical Education, Bangalore, India.
2D.L. Venkatesh Babu, Department of Civil Engineering, Nagarjuna College of Engineering and Technology, Bangalore, India.
3B.C. Udayashankar, Department of Civil Engineering, R V College of Engineering, Bangalore, India.
4Bharath S. Department of Civil Engineering, Nagarjuna College of Engineering and Technology, Bangalore, India.
Manuscript received on September 23, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on October 15, 2019. | Manuscript published on October 30, 2019. | PP: 6444-6450 | Volume-9 Issue-1, October 2019 | Retrieval Number: A2223109119/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.A2223.109119
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: This paper enumerates the experimental study on workability and strength properties of concrete containing different dosage of polypropylene fiber from 0.1% to 0.6% and 1.0% to 3.5% of steel fiber. Water – binder ratio, fiber type and fiber dosage influence on flow behaviour, compressive strength, flexural strength and brittleness ratio were analysed. Experimental results were substantiated by linear regression analysis considering 95% confidence level. Reference mixes with 0.34 and 0.36 water- binder were prepared for results comparison with polypropylene and steel fiber reinforced concretes. Test results showed comparatively higher workability reduction in polypropylene fiber reinforced concrete. Compressive strength test results of fiber reinforced concrete indicted an optimum fiber content of 0.30% of polypropylene fiber and 2.50% of steel fiber. Steel fiber reinforced concrete displayed continuous increase in flexural strength with 44.46% average increase. Brittleness ratio, which was the ratio of flexural strength and compressive strength showed maximum value of 0.24 for concrete with 3.5 % steel fiber and 0.36 w/B ratio. Linear regression analysis revealed good correlation of flow properties with w/B ratio irrespective of fiber type. Though the compressive strength had low correlation with fiber type and w/B ratio, steel fiber reinforced concrete indicated up to 0.987 coefficient of determination with flexural strength.
Keywords: Brittleness ratio, fiber reinforced concrete, flow properties, linear regression analysis.