Sustainable Development of Sugar Beet Subcomplex
Alexander Nikitin1, Natalia Karamnova2, Natalia Kuzicheva3, Vitaly Belousov4
1Alexander Nikitin, Michurinsk State Agrarian University, Michurinsk, Russia.
2Natalia Karamnova, Michurinsk State Agrarian University, Michurinsk, Russia.
3Natalia Kuzicheva, Michurinsk State Agrarian University, Michurinsk, Russia.
4Vitaly Belousov, Michurinsk State Agrarian University, Michurinsk, Russia.
Manuscript received on September 23, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on October 15, 2019. | Manuscript published on October 30, 2019. | PP: 5058-5064| Volume-9 Issue-1, October 2019 | Retrieval Number: A2140109119/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.A2140.109119
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: The study aims at developing theories and practical recommendations for ensuring the sustainable development of the Russian sugar beet subcomplex. The following methods were used during the study: statistical and economic, monographic, economic and mathematical, as well as calculation and constructional. The article determines that the impact of factors of the external and internal environment causes the unsustainability of the sugar beet production. The main sustainability criterion should be to ensure the beet sugar production at the level of 80 % of the national consumption. Therefore, it is possible to consider the volume of production, the supply of sugar factories with raw materials, the level of beet sugar consumption by the population, the level of food security, and the level of provision of material and technical resources for the sugar beet production as the main indicators characterizing its mission. According to the studies, the main producers of sugar beet are the agricultural organizations that produce 85 – 90 % of the gross production. Peasant farms (farms) produce up to 15 % of the gross production. Individual entrepreneurs and the population’s households produce sugar beet insignificantly. The analysis has revealed that the main objective and subjective reasons that hinder the development of the modern Russian sugar beet production include yield fluctuations, fluctuations of sown areas and gross production of sugar beet by beet-growing regions and by years, the lack of proportionality of development between the production capacities of sugar factories and their raw material zones. It is possible to stabilize the production and economic activity in the context of the changing market environment and the increased competitiveness of all participants of the sugar beet production due to developing integration processes and creating a structure that can occupy its niche in the sugar beet market.
Keywords: Sugar beet production, Sustainable development, Agricultural integration, Stages of forming an integrated association.