Medical and Ecological Assessment of the Formation of the Carcinogenic Risk from Air Pollution in Megacities
Saida Olegovna Apsaliamova1, Bella Olegovna Khashir2, Olege Zachirievich Khuazh3, Aleksandr Viktorovich Stygun4

1Saida Olegovna Apsaliamova*, Kuban State Medical University, Krasnodar, Russia.
2Bella Olegovna Khashir, Kuban State Technological University, Krasnodar, Russia.
3Olege Zachirievich Khuazh, Kuban State Technological University, Krasnodar, Russia.
4Aleksandr Viktorovich Stygun, Kuban State Technological University, Krasnodar, Russia.
Manuscript received on September 23, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on October 15, 2019. | Manuscript published on October 30, 2019. | PP: 4978-4982 | Volume-9 Issue-1, October 2019 | Retrieval Number: A2113109119/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.A2113.109119
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Abstract: Air pollution is considered to be the most dangerous by the extent of negative effects, since urban pollution with some compounds has already become irreversible, and entails negative changes in the health of the population. In this regard, the importance of scientific-methodical support for monitoring, integrated assessment of air pollution, and determining the level of medical and ecological, including carcinogenic, risk for individual territories increases. The article is aimed at determining and comparing the level of carcinogenic risk in a megacity due to the chemical carcinogens entering the organism with the atmospheric air and the air in residential and public buildings. The article discusses theoretical approaches to studying the effect of environmental factors on human health, including the risk of oncology diseases. Based on the analysis of the scientific literature and the data about the presence of carcinogenic substances indoors and outside, the problem of medical and ecological assessment of carcinogenic risk formation due to air pollution in megacities has been analyzed.
Keywords: Medical and ecological assessment, risk of cancer, carcinogenic compounds, atmospheric air, the air in closed premises.