Segmentation of Low Contrast Satellite and Medical Images Based on Level Set Function with Harmony Search Optimization Algorithm
Rangu Srikanth1, Kalagadda Bikshalu2

1Rangu Srikanth, B. Tech in Electronics & Communication Engineering from JNTUCE, Kakinada, JNTU, Hyderabad.
2Dr. Kalagadda Bikshalu, Ph.D degree in Electronics & Communication Engineering from JNTUH, Hyderabad.
Manuscript received on September 23, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on October 15, 2019. | Manuscript published on October 30, 2019. | PP: 7306-7313 | Volume-9 Issue-1, October 2019 | Retrieval Number: A2025109119/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.A2025.109119
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Abstract: The main aim of digital image segmentation for portioned the image in to its constituents parts for getting information regarding features of image also used to get pathological details from medical images. The literature available from last two decades the important scheme for image segmentation is with Level Set technique, multilevel thresholding of gray scale on histogram of image is also a traditional method of image segmentation. In this paper low contrast images from medical and satellite images considered for image segmentation to extract features. This paper puts forward a novel image segmentation method via Level Set Function along with Bi Histogram Equalization based on Harmony Search Algorithm(LSFBHEHS). The Selective Binary and Gaussian Filtering Regularised Level Set (SBGFRLS) is efficient novel region based Active Contour Model, it uses a novel region-based signed pressure force (SPF) function, it can adeptly halt the contours at blurred edges and weak edges. Other important advantage is internal and external boundaries can be distinguished by fixing the initial contour may be anyplace in the considered image. This method is resourceful but requires more time and inefficient for segmentation of low contrast images. This problem is rectified by applying bi-histogram equalization(BHE) image enhancement method prior to Level Set, it can be treated as pre-processing. In BHE technique of image enhancement, the image histogram is partitioned into two divisions based optimized gray level threshold , and equalize each part of histogram separately and combined later. To find the optimized threshold level to slice the histogram into two parts, Otsu’s multilevel thresholding method used to find threshold level, to find optimized thresholding level Harmony Search Algorithm(HSA) is implemented to maximize inert class variance as objective function. For evaluating the proposed method and SBGFRLS, the qualitative measured used like Dice similarity index, Measure of Enhancement(EME) and time required, for experimentation numerous low contrast satellite and medical images are considered, results clarified that the proposed method is more efficient for low contrast and inhomogeneous images.
Keywords: Digital Image Segmentation, Otsu’s method, Bi Histogram Equalization, Harmony Search level set function, signed pressure force.