Ecological and Economic Consequences of Water Pollution
Lomova L. A.1, Voronkova O. Yu.2, Aleshko R. A.3, Goneev I. A.4, Avdeev Yu.5, Sochnikova I. Yu.6

1Lomova L. A., Southwest State University, Kursk, Russia
2Voronkova O. Yu., Altai State University, Barnaul, Russia
3Aleshko R. A., Northern (Arctic) Federal University, Russia
4Goneev I. A., Kursk state University, Kursk, Russia
5Avdeev Yu. M., Vologda State University, Vologda, Russia
6Sochnikova I. Yu., Kursk State University, Kursk, Russia
Manuscript received on September 23, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on October 15, 2019. | Manuscript published on October 30, 2019. | PP: 7056-7062 | Volume-9 Issue-1, October 2019 | Retrieval Number: A1925109119/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.A1925.109119
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Abstract: Modern society is witnessing the emergence of one of the most acute problems – the protection of natural waters from pollution. In the conditions of the scientific and technological revolution, the human impact on the environment has become so significant that the question of the guarantees of the existence of life on Earth seriously arises. Nature is no longer able to compensate for violations caused by industrial and other human activities without human help. Pollution of surface and groundwater is one of the most harmful and dangerous negative effects of human activity on water object, which leads not only to irreversible adverse changes in the quality of water and aquatic ecosystems, but also directly affects all living organisms on our planet. The problem of protecting surface water from pollution over the past few decades remains one of the most acute environmental problems of the Russian Federation, representing a very difficult socio-economic and scientific-technical problem. The frivolous attitude of society and the state towards the environment, the actual priority of the economy over ecology in public policy led to a significant deterioration in the quality of the environment, which is especially pronounced in the state of many water objects in the Russian Federation, as evidenced by official state monitoring.
Keywords: Water Supply, River Watersheds, Water Resources, Groundwater Resources, Surface Water Resources, Zoning, Artificial Groundwater Recharge, Human Activities.