Impact of the Welding Parameters on the Width of the Welding beat in TIG Carbon Steel Welding
Mohammed S. Alkhaldi1, Ali A. Majeed Ali2, Sobhi Khirallah.3

1Eng. Mohammed S.*, Alkhaldi, Researcher Scholar, Production and Industrial Department, Faculty of Engineering, Aden University, Yemen
2Prof. Ali A. Majeed, Assistant Prof, Production and Industrial Department, Faculty of Engineering, Aden University, Yemen ..
3Prof. Sobhi Kheirallah, Associate Prof, Production and Industrial Department, Faculty of Engineering, Aden University, Yemen.

Manuscript received on December 21, 2021. | Revised Manuscript received on January 19, 2021. | Manuscript published on February 28, 2021. | PP: 24-29 | Volume-10 Issue-3, February 2021. | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijeat.A18161010120 | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.A1816.0210321
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: Tungsten Inert Gas (TIG) welding is otherwise known as the Gas Tungsten Arc soldering (GTAW) process which when significant levels of weld quality or high precision welding are required, is known to represent an advanced arc welding process. However the impact of the welding factors on this form of welding is important for its welding produced in single-pass welding. In this investigation, the autogenous Tungsten Inert Gas (TIG) welding was performed on a carbon mild steel plate with four parametric welding variables. High and low values of material thickness, welding current, welding speed and filler rod diameter have been measured in order to have an impact on an observable parametric response i.e. welding distance. Geometry of the weld bead has been investigated. An expert statistical software design expert has created a mathematical model, The experimental design is central composite design (CCD) and the sold width is the response measured by the Surface Response Methodology (RSM). It has been shown that the maintenance of a suitable parametric welding factor for a carbon steel plate gives substantial values of welding width.
Keywords: Tungsten Inert Gas , Welding, Expert Design, Central Composite Design, Response surface methodology and A – TIG welding process.