The Efficiency of Extracting Biologically Active Substances from the Extracts Based on Mixtures of Medicinal Plants by the Method of Maceration with the Use of Microwave Treatment and Exposure to Ultrasound
Zareta Talbievna Tazova1, Ludmila Victorovna Lunina2, Hazret Ruslanovich Siyukhov3, Anzaur Adamovich Skhalyakhov4, Olga Vyacheslavovna Marinenko5

1Zareta Talbievna Tazova, Maykop State Technological University, Maykop, Russia.
2Ludmila Victorovna Lunina, Maykop State Technological University, Maykop, Russia.
3Hazret Ruslanovich Siyukhov, Maykop State Technological University, Maykop, Russia.
4Anzaur Adamovich Skhalyakhov, Maykop State Technological University, Maykop, Russia.
5Olga Vyacheslavovna Marinenko, Maykop State Technological University, Maykop, Russia.

Manuscript received on September 23, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on October 15, 2019. | Manuscript published on October 30, 2019. | PP: 4511-4519 | Volume-9 Issue-1, October 2019 | Retrieval Number: A1772109119/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.A1772.109119
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Abstract: This article presents the results of the studies aimed at intensifying the process of extracting biologically active substances (BAS) from medicinal vegetative raw material using the method of maceration with the use of microwave treatment and exposure to ultrasound. The comparative analysis of the obtained data about the yield of BAS has shown that the method of maceration in combination with ultrasound treatment (UT) is the most efficient for extracting the BAS from extracts under the following conditions of extraction: extractant — water, intensity of UT — 100 W/cm2; duration of UT — 10 seconds; treatment frequency — every 10 minutes; and total duration of extraction — 60 minutes. The use of these parameters allows intensifying the process of extraction by increasing the biological value of the extract due to the additional BAS extraction.
Keywords: Medicinal herbs, phytocomposite mixtures, extracts, maceration, ultrahigh-frequency electromagnetic fields (UHF EMF) treatment, ultrasound treatment (UT), BAS, intensification.