Modeling of Residual Stress and Surface Damage of AISI 4340 using Copper-Tungsten Tool in Die Sinking EDM
Syed Asghar Husain Rizvi1, Prem Kumar Bharti2, Sanjay Agarwal3

1Syed Asghar Husain Rizvi*, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Integral University, Lucknow, India.
2Prem Kumar Bharti, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Integral University, Lucknow, India.
3Sanjay Agarwal, Department of Mechanical Engineering, B.I.E.T. Jhansi, India.
Manuscript received on September 12, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on October 05, 2019. | Manuscript published on October 30, 2019. | PP: 3050-3055 | Volume-9 Issue-1, October 2019 | Retrieval Number: A1624109119/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.A1624.109119
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Abstract: The present work concentrates on the modeling of the residual stress and cracks induced during the machining of AISI 4340 in die-sinking EDM. Response surface methodology with rotatable central composite design is used with peak current, pulse on duration, voltage and pulse duty factor as process parameters. The relation between these process parameters and induced residual stress and cracks is established. The results of ANOVA elucidates that the present model is significant. Voltage and pulse on time are observed to have major dominance on residual stress. The SEM images reviled that micro-cracks resulted from the thermal stresses developed during machining of the workpiece. At higher levels of pulse on duration, wider cracks are observed due to high thermal gradients.
Keywords: Cracks, EDM, Residual Stress, SEM, XRD.