The Effect of Plant Protection Products and Albite on the Productivity and Quality of Fodder Galega (Galega Orientalis)
Alexsandr Pavlovich Eryashev1, Oleg Alekseevich Timoshkin2
1Alexsandr Pavlovich Eryashev,* FGBOU VO «Mordovia State University Named N. P. Ogareva», Saransk, Russia.
2Oleg Alekseevich Timoshkin, FGBNU FNTS LK «Penzenskiy ISKH – filial FGBNU Federal’nyy Nauchnyy Tsentr lubyanykh kul’tur» Penza, Lunino, Rossi.
Manuscript received on September 14, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on October 15, 2019. | Manuscript published on October 30, 2019. | PP: 3286-3292 | Volume-9 Issue-1, October 2019 | Retrieval Number: A1446109119/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.A1446.109119
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: The research was aimed at scientific substantiation of the possibility to reach high productivity of fodder galega due to the use of plant protection products and the Albite growth regulator, and their effect on the fodder quality. To achieve this goal, the effect of these factors on the yield of green mass and dry matter, on the collection of gross energy, metabolizable energy of feed units, and digestible protein was studied in 2012 – 2014 during the field experiments and in laboratory studies. As a result of the studies, it has been found that galega had the greatest yield of dry matter, metabolizable energy, energy feed units, and digestible protein on the nonpesticide background with plants double sprayed with Albite, and on the pesticide background — in the phase of spring aftergrowing and budding. Prevailing accumulation of crude protein and calcium in the green mass was on the nonpesticide background with double spraying with Albite; of crude fiber — on the pesticide background in the phase of spring aftergrowing; of crude ash — in the phase of seedling + budding; and of crude fat — without introducing any growth regulator. Plant protection products and Albite did not significantly increase the concentration of nitrogen-free extractives (NFE) and phosphorus. The studied factors did not affect the content of gross energy (GE), metabolizable energy (ME) and energy feed units (EFU) in 1 kg of dry matter of galega green mass, and did not increase the concentration of digestible protein in EFU.
Keywords: Productivity, dry matter, gross and metabolizable energy, energy feed unit, protein, crude ash, crude fat, fiber, phosphorus, potassium, calcium.