Maternal Dietary Exposure of Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles (ZnONPs) and its Effect in Guppies (Poecilia Reticulata)
Subburaman Chandramohan1, Krishnan Sundar2, Azhaguchamy Muthukumaran3
1Subburaman Chandramohan, Department of Biotechnology, Kalasalingam Academy of Research and Higher Education College, Krishnankoil (Tamil Nadu), India.
2Krishnan Sundar, Department of Biotechnology, Kalasalingam Academy of Research and Higher Education College, Krishnankoil (Tamil Nadu), India.
3Azhaguchamy Muthukumaran, Department of Biotechnology, Kalasalingam Academy of Research and Higher Education College, Krishnankoil (Tamil Nadu), India.
Manuscript received on 24 November 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 18 December 2019 | Manuscript Published on 30 December 2019 | PP: 779-782 | Volume-9 Issue-1S4 December 2019 | Retrieval Number: A11431291S419/19©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.A1143.1291S419
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Zinc deficiency is one of the major malnutritional problems worldwide specifically in developing and developed countries. The zinc uptake takes place in human body in ionic form and metabolized naturally and converted into nano form. In the present study zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnONPs) were synthesized by starch. The synthesized different ZnONPs were characterized by Fourier Transform Infra-Red spectroscopy (FTIR) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) coupled with Energy Dispersive X ray analysis (EDX). FTIR analysis revealed Zinc peak at 405.05 cmˉ1 .The average size of the synthesized ZnONPs was in the range from 200-300 nm with flower like shape. Furthermore, toxicity and level of nanoparticle accumulation were evaluated in young and adult guppies (Poecilia reticulata) using different concentration of ZnONPs. To explore the toxicological effect, the different concentration of nanoparticles administered in young and adult guppies. There was a dose dependent toxicological effects were noted in the guppies.
Keywords: Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles (Znonps), Guppies (Poecilia Reticulata), Toxicological Effect, Accumulation.
Scope of the Article: Bio-Science and Bio-Technology