Adsorption of Amido Black 10B by ZnFe2O4-ZnO Nanopowder
M. N. ZulfiqarAhmed1, A. A. Jahagirdar2, H. M. Somashekar3
1M. N. Zulfiqar Ahmed*, Department of Engineering, IBRI College of Technology, IBRI, Sultanate of Oman.
2A. A. Jahagirdar, Department of Chemistry, Dr. Ambedkar Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, India.
3H.M. Somashekar, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Dr. Ambedkar Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, India.
Manuscript received on September 20, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on October 15, 2019. | Manuscript published on October 30, 2019. | PP: 3232-3238 | Volume-9 Issue-1, October 2019 | Retrieval Number: A1123109119/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.A1123.109119
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: ZnFe2O4 -ZnO nanopowder was synthesized by solution combustion method using zinc nitrate and ferric nitrate as oxidizers and oxalyl dihydrazide as fuel. The nanopowder was characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area measurements. The nanopowder was used as adsorbent for the removal of the dye Amido Black 10B (AB 10) from its aqueous solution. The effect of dosage of the nanopowder and contact time was studied. The results indicated that the nanopowder acted as a good adsorbent for the removal of AB 10. More than 89% removal of the dye was achieved for a catalyst dosage of 0.8g of the nanopowder per liter of the dye solution. The optimum contact time was found to be 40 minutes. Adsorption isotherms and adsorption kinetic models were applied to the adsorption data to know the mechanism and kinetics of adsorption. The adsorption data fitted well for the Langmuir adsorption isotherm and followed pseudo-second order kinetics.
Keywords: ZnFe2O4 -ZnO, solution combustion synthesis, adsorption isotherms, Amido Black 10B.