Routing Protocols for AANET
Gurumekala T1, Indira Gandhi S2, Senthil Sivakumar M3
1Gurumekala T, Madras Institute of Technology, Chennai (Tamil Nadu), India.
2Indira Gandhi S, Madras Institute of Technology, Chennai (Tamil Nadu), India.
3Senthil Sivakumar M, Vignan’s Foundation for Science, Technology and Research, Guntur (Andhra Pradesh), India.
Manuscript received on 23 November 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 17 December 2019 | Manuscript Published on 30 December 2019 | PP: 122-126 | Volume-9 Issue-1S5 December 2019 | Retrieval Number: A10301291S52019/19©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.A1030.1291S519
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Abstract: Ad hoc network is an infrastructure less, self-configuring and dynamic network where the nodes are able to forward the information to other nodes based on connectivity and routing algorithm they follow. Recently, the concept of this ad hoc networking has been introduced among aircrafts for providing in-flight communication and to manage increased flow of data produced by civil aviation. The aircraft communication can be established either by satellites or cellular based systems. Utilizing satellites for the communication is very expensive and prone to high propagation delay. The cellular based systems provide direct link to aircraft with minimum cost and less delay. As the line-of-sight range of cellular systems is limited, the aircraft over the oceanic regions is unable to communicate with ground stations. Aiming at overcoming the demerits associated with aforementioned technologies for aircraft communication, the Aeronautical Ad hoc networks has been developed, which creates a ad hoc network among aircrafts where each aircraft is self-aware nodes and communicates with ground stations and other aircrafts irrespective of their flight region. AANET shares has some similarities with existing wireless ad hoc networks whilst having unique challenges in supporting greater mobility, size of network, node density and bandwidth limitations. Because of this unique challenges, routing in this AANET is a difficult task. In this paper, various routing algorithms for AANET with its merits and demerits has been thoroughly studied. Finally, the unsolved problems and research issues of routing in AANET are identified.
Keywords: Aeronautical Ad hoc Network, in-flight Communication, Satellite based Systems, Cellular based Systems.
Scope of the Article: Routing and Transport Protocols