Effect of Substrate Layer Thickness on the AC Losses in Stacked Superconducting Pancake Coils using Direct H-formulations
Abhinav Kumar1, Ashish Agrawal2
1Abhinav Kumar, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara (Punjab), India.
2Ashish Agrawal, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Madanapalle Institute of Technology and Science, Madanapalle (Andhra Pradesh), India.
Manuscript received on 14 December 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 22 December 2019 | Manuscript Published on 31 December 2019 | PP: 150-154 | Volume-9 Issue-1S3 December 2019 | Retrieval Number: A10301291S319/19©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.A1030.1291S319
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Advanced electric aircrafts are in their design phase and superconducting machines are going to be the part of such fascinating technology. In order to diminish the losses involved due to conventional copper conductors, superconductors are proposed for the electric aircraft applications by the American research agencies like NASA and AFRL. Usually, Pancake coils are frequently used in various electric aircraft power applications including high speed motors, generators, transformers and solenoid magnets. Coils are generally bound with high temperature superconducting (HTS) tapes like BSCCO and YBCO. Mostly, 2nd generation coated conductors (YBCO) are employed in power applications due to their merits over BSCCO (1st generation tapes). A superconducting tape manufactured by SuperPower through iBAD manufacturing technique generally consist copper stabilizer, silver over-layer, YBCO layer, buffer layer, substrate material followed by copper stabilizer. The volume fraction of the substrate material and copper stabilizer is more than 90% in the proposed tape. In the present work, the thickness of the substrate material has been varied to evaluate the AC losses involved in the above mentioned applications due to time-varying magnetic fields. A current of 270 A (Ic=330 A) is flowing through a coil of 108 turns. AC loss has been evaluated for various thicknesses 30 µm to 90 µm at a frequency of 50 Hz. The simulations are done using COMSOL MultiPhysics® commercial software package.
Keywords: Substrate Layer, Superconductors, Pancake Coils, H-Formulations, YBCO, Ibad Manufacturing Technique.
Scope of the Article: Manufacturing Processes