Efficient Energy Routing Protocol based on Energy & Buffer Residual Status (EBRS) for Wireless Sensor Networks
Amairullah Khan Lodhi1, M.S.S Rukmini2, Syed Abdulsattar3
1Amairullah Khan Lodhi, Ph.D. Scholar, Department of ECE, Vignan’s Foundation for Science Technology & Research, Deemed to be University, Vadlamudi, Guntur (Andhra Pradesh), India.
2M.S.S Rukmini, Department of ECE, Vignan’s Foundation for Science, Technology & Research Deemed to be University, Vadlamudi, Guntur (Andhra Pradesh), India.
3Dr. Syed Abdulsattar, Principal & Professor, Department of ECE, Nawab Shah Alam Khan College of Engineering & Technology, New Malakpet, Hyderabad (Telangana), India.
Manuscript received on 23 November 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 17 December 2019 | Manuscript Published on 30 December 2019 | PP: 33-37 | Volume-9 Issue-1S5 December 2019 | Retrieval Number: A10081291S52019/19©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.A1008.1291S519
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: Wireless networks consist of nodes, having the ability that, they can sense and collect the information from the nearby surroundings. It has the responsibility of designed protocol to send this collected information by data gathering and forward it to the outside network via a sink node. Furthermore, WSNs doesn’t need any predetermined network structure; all the nodes used in WSN can operate as a router as well as the host. It uses multiple hops to send information to the node outside the communication range through different neighbor nodes. All the sensor nodes in WSN have their range of communication and can send and collect messages straight to each other until they were in the communication range. Moreover, the Self-organizing property of nodes in the network made WSN outstanding amongst the major applications. Nevertheless, the wireless nodes there in the network have a battery with restricted energy and can’t be recharge or change once deployed. Hence, the node energy must be utilized efficiently for various functions as sensing the information, processing the sensed information, and transmitting the processed information to another node. With the enhancements of the innovation and cost-effective hardware, our visualization presents a tremendous life enhancement of WSN into several new applications. To modify following such background, the energy-efficient routing protocol is extremely desirable and can be achieved by clustering in WSN. In the literature survey, various energy-efficient routing techniques based on cluster have been given to attain the energy-efficiency and enhance the lifetime of the network. However, these protocols were suffering from the bottleneck node issue. It is the situation in the network where the router node subjected to heavy traffic due to its presence in energy-efficient routing path or high remaining energy. This paper aims to moderate the possibility of the node to become a bottleneck node throughout the application. Thus, we attain the objective by design and develop the cluster-based efficient-routing protocol by selecting the head nodes of the cluster based on their residual energy and buffer status. Performance outcome shows that the projected work out-performs in contrast with present cluster-based routing protocols.
Keywords: Wireless Sensor Network, Sink Node, Cluster Head, Energy Efficiency, Buffer, Routing, Network Lifetime, Mobile Sink Node, and Control Packets.
Scope of the Article: Wireless ad hoc & Sensor Networks