An Experimental Study on the Performance of Concentrated Photovoltaic System with Cooling System for Domestic Applications
A. Benuel Sathish Raj1, S. Praveen Kumar2, G. Manikandan3, P. Jerry Titus4
1A. Benuel Sathish Raj, Department of Electrical & Electronics Engineering, Karunya University, Coimbatore, India.
2S. Praveen Kumar, Department of Electrical & Electronics Engineering, Karunya University, Coimbatore, India.
3G. Manikandan, Department of Electrical & Electronics Engineering, Karunya University, Coimbatore, India.
4P. Jerry Titus, Department of Electrical & Electronics Engineering, Karunya University, Coimbatore, India.
Manuscript received on July 23, 2014. | Revised Manuscript received on August 10, 2014. | Manuscript published on August 30, 2014. | PP: 97-101 | Volume-3 Issue-6, August 2014. | Retrieval Number: F3325083614/2013©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Concentrated photovoltaic (CPV) system helps in focusing the direct solar radiation on the photovoltaic module. The CPV systems use lenses or mirrors and tracking systems to focus a large area of sunlight into a small beam. As the Concentrated Solar radiation reaches the PV panel system, the temperature increases rapidly and because of this increase in temperature, the output efficiency will be decreased. In order to reduce the temperature and to increase the output efficiency, the Cooling System is used. It has been found that the electrical output of the water cooled CPV is 4.7 to 5.2 times more than the PV module (without concentration and cooling). The cooling system has a heat pipe filled with Acetone. The performance of the CPV module with cooling system based on voltage output and temperature were evaluated and verified with the help of an experimental setup. The electrical energy from the CPV panel is stored in the battery and it is converted to AC supply by using inverter and then used for the residential lighting.
Keywords: Concentrated Solar Photovoltaic (CPV); Cooling System; Pulsating Heat pipe.