The Influence of Extrinsic Motivation on Students’ Retention and Study Success
Nur Hidayah Mohamed Yunus1, Aini Nazura Paimin2
1Nur Hidayah Mohamed Yunus, Post Graduate Masters, Universiti Tun Hussien Onn Malaysia, Johor Malaysia.
2Aini Nazura Paimin, Lecturer, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Johor Malaysia.
Manuscript received on 01 September 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 10 September 2019 | Manuscript Published on 23 September 2019 | PP: 439-448 | Volume-8 Issue-5C, May 2019 | Retrieval Number: E10620585C19/19©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.E1062.0585C19
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: There are concerns over the growing need of more engineers to work for the market. However, graduation rate in this field has decreased over the years. There is an urge to understand why some engineering students can achieve success while others not. Extrinsic motivation is seen as an important motivational factor that could influence students’ decision to complete or quit their studies in engineering courses. The current study explores extrinsic motivation of engineering students using a qualitative approach. Data were collected using semi-structured interviews, where 24 final year engineering undergraduates from the Malaysian Technical University Network (MTUN) universities were selected using referral and chain referral techniques of sampling. Data were analysed using a thematic coding approach and Atlas.Ti software was used to assist the coding process. The findings found that the successful students were mostly influenced by three main extrinsic factors namely people, program, and incentives.
Keywords: External Motivation, Retention, Success, Higher Education.
Scope of the Article: Smart Learning and Innovative Education Systems