Load Frequency Control using Optimal PID Controller for Non-Reheat Thermal Power System with Tcps Unit
V.Shanmugasundaram1, A.R Rajkumar2, T.Jayabarath3
1V Shanmugasundaram, Working as Assistant Professor in Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Sona College of Technology, Salem-5, India.
2R Rajkumar, PG Scholar in Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Sona College of Technology, Salem-5, India.
3T.Jayabarathi, Working as senior Professor in school of Electrical Engineering , VIT University ,Vellore India.
Manuscript received on May 17, 2012. | Revised Manuscript received on June 26, 2012. | Manuscript published on June 30, 2012. | PP: 414-417 | Volume-1 Issue-5, June 2012. | Retrieval Number: E0559061512/2012©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: The main objective of Load Frequency Control (LFC) is to regulate the power output of electric generator within an area, in response to the changes in system frequency and tie-line loading. Thus, LFC helps in maintaining the scheduled system frequency and tie-line power interchange with other areas within the prescribed limits. Most LFCs are primarily composed of an integral and PID controller. The integrator gain is set to a level that compromises between fast transient recovery and low overshoot in the dynamic response of the overall system. This type of controller is slow and does not allow the controller designer to consider the possible changes in operating condition and non-linearity in the generator unit. Moreover, it lacks in robustness. FACTS are designed to overcome the limitations of present non-reheat thermal-thermal power systems and enhance the power system stability. One of the promising FACTS devices is the Thyristor controlled phase shifter (TCPS) to alleviate this difficulty. TCPS is connected in the tie-line to self-tune the parameters of integral and PID controller. Two area system, have been considered for simulation of the proposed TCPS connected integral and PID controller .The performance of the Conventional controller, TCPS connected Integral and PID controller have been Compared through MATLAB Simulation. The qualitative and quantitative comparisons have been carried out for Integral, PID controllers. The dynamic of performance responses of Integral and PID controller with TCPS shows that in terms of settling Time, peak overshoot and steady state error are greatly improved than that of without TCPS.
Keywords: Load Frequency Control, Power system, PID controller, Thyristor controlled Phase Shifter.