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Volume-7 Issue-6, August 2018, ISSN: 2249-8958 (Online)
Published By: Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering & Sciences Publication Pvt. Ltd.

Page No.

1.

Authors:

Y. V. Krishna Reddy, M. Damodar Reddy

Paper Title:

Flower Pollination Algorithm for Solving Economic Dispatch Problems with Prohibited Operating Zones and Multiple Fuel Options

Abstract: A nature inspired optimization algorithm based on the transfer of pollen in universe called the Flower Pollination Algorithm, is implemented for solving economic dispatch (ED) problems with considering prohibited operating zones (POZs), and multiple fuel options including valve-point loading. The proposed method mainly depends on biotic pollination for transfer of pollens by using pollinators such as birds and insects, in order to find the survival of the fittest and the optimal reproduction of flowering plants. This algorithm has been exercised on three test systems (6, 15 and 10 units) with POZS and multiple fuel options for solving ED problems. The numerical results are compared with results of some new methods to verify the quality of FPA for solving ED problems. The result analyses prove the effectiveness of the FPA algorithm and show that it could be outlasts technique for solving ED problems in terms of total cost and computational time.

Keywords: Terms: Economic Dispatch, Flower Pollination Algorithm, Prohibited Operating Zones, Multiple Fuels, Valve-Point Loading.

References:

  1. P. Zhan, Q. H. Wu,” Fast -Iteration Method for Economic Dispatch With Prohibited Operating Zones” IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, VOL. 29, NO. 2, MARCH 2014.
  2. Ji-Yuan Fan, Lan Zhang, “Real-Time Economic Dispatch with Line Flow and Emission Constraints Using Quadratic Programming” IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 13, No. 2, May 1998.
  3. Ahmed Farag, “Economic Load Dispatch Multiobjective optimization procedures using linear programming technique”, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 10, No. 2, May 1995.
  4. Zi-Xiong Liang, J. Duncan Glover, “A Zoom Feature For A Dynamic Programming solution to economic dispatch including transmission losses”, IEEE TRANSACTIONS on Powcr Systems, 7, No. 2, May 1902.
  5. Zwe-Lee Gaing, “Particle Swarm Optimization to Solving the Economic Dispatch Considering the Generator Constraints” IEEE transactions on power systems, vol. 18, no. 3, august 2003.
  6. -K. Wang, J.-P. Chiou “Non-smooth/non-convex economic dispatch by a novel hybrid differential evolution algorithm” IET Gener. Transm. Distrib., 2007, 1, (5), pp. 793–803.
  7. Po-Hung Chen, Hong-Chan Chang “large-scale economic dispatch by genetic algorithm” IEEE Transactions on Power System. 10. No. 4. November 1995.
  8. Aniruddha Bhattacharya, , Pranab Kumar Chattopadhyay, “Biogeography-Based Optimization for Different Economic Load Dispatch Problems” ieee transactions on power systems, vol. 25, no. 2, may 2010.
  9. Saravuth Pothiya , Issarachai Ngamroo, “Application of multiple tabu search algorithm to solve dynamic economic dispatch considering generator constraints” Energy Conversion and Management 49 (2008) 506–516.
  10. K. Panigrahi , Salik R. Yadav, “A clonal algorithm to solve economic load dispatch”, Electric Power Systems Research 77 (2007) 1381–1389.
  11. Lazaros G. Papageorgiou, Eric S. Fraga, “A mixed integer quadratic programming formulation for the economic dispatch of generators with prohibited operating zones” Electric Power Systems Research 77 (2007) 1292–1296.
  12. Aniruddha Bhattacharya, Pranab Kumar Chattopadhyay “Hybrid Differential Evolution With BiogeographyBased Optimization for Solution of EconomicLoad Dispatch” ieee transactions on power systems, vol. 25, no. 4, november 2010.
  13. Naser Ghorbani, Ebrahim Babaei “Exchange market algorithm for economic load dispatch”, Electrical Power and Energy Systems 75 (2016) 19–27.
  14. Mostafa Modiri-Delshad ,S. Hr. Aghay Kaboli ,” Backtracking search algorithm for solving economic dispatch problems with valve-point effects and multiple fuel options” Energy 116 (2016) 637e649.
  15. Anbo Meng*, Jinbei Li, Hao Yin, “An efficient crisscross optimization solution to large-scale non-convex economic load dispatch with multiple fuel types and valve-point
    effects” Energy 113 (2016) 1147e1161.
  16. E. Lin, ”Hierarchical Economic Dispatch for
    Piecewise Quadratic Cost Functions”, IEEE Transactions on Power Apparatus and Systems, Vol. PAS-103, No. 6, June 1984.
  17. H.Park, Y.S.Kim “economic load dispatch for piecewise
    quadratic cost function using hopfield neural network”, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 8, No. 3, August 1993.
  18. Kwang Y. Lee, Arthit Sode-Yome, “Adaptive Hopfield Neural Networks for Economic Load Dispatch”, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 13, No. 2, May 1998.
  19. Jong-Bae Park, IEEE, “A Particle Swarm Optimization for Economic Dispatch With Nonsmooth Cost Functions” ieee transactions on power systems, vol. 20, no. 1, february 2005.
  20. Chao-Lung Chiang, “Improved Genetic Algorithm for Power Economic Dispatch of Units With Valve-Point Effects and Multiple Fuels”, ieee transactions on power systems, vol. 20, no. 4, nov 2005.
  21. Thitithamrongchai, B. Eua-Arporn, “Economic Load Dispatch for Piecewise quadratic cost functions using hybrid seif-adaptive differential evolution with augmented lagrangian multiplier method”,
    2006 International Conference on Power System Technology.
  22. K. Barisal , R.C. Prusty, “Large scale economic dispatch of power systems using oppositional invasive weed optimization”, Applied Soft Computing (2015).
  23. Taher Niknam , Hasan Doagou Mojarrad, “Non-smooth economic dispatch computation by fuzzy and self adaptive particle
    swarm optimization”, Applied Soft Computing 11 (2011) 2805–2817.
  24. Moumita Pradhan, Provas Kumar Roy “Grey wolf optimization applied to economic load dispatch problems”, Electrical Power and Energy Systems 83 (2016) 325–334.
  25. Dinu Calin Secui, “A modified Symbiotic Organisms Search algorithm for large scale economic dispatch problem with valve-point effects”, Energy 113 (2016) 366e384.
  26. Xin-She Yang, “Flower Pollination Algorithm for Global Optimization”. Soft computing tech. 2014.

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2.

Authors:

Suman Rani, Mukesh Rana

Paper Title:

Design of Software Testing Model Based on UML Class and Activity Diagram

Abstract: Quality software can be developed when it is properly tested. Due to increase in the size and complexity of object-oriented software, manual testing has become time, resource and cost consuming. Properly designed test cases discover more errors and bugs present in the software. The test cases can be generated much early in the software development process, during the design phase. The unified modeling language (UML) is the most widely used language to describe the analysis and designs of object-oriented software. Test cases can be derived from UML models more efficiently. In our work, we propose a novel approach for automatic test case generation from the combination of UML class diagrams. In our approach, we first draw the UML class diagrams using any online drawing tool like smart draw or yuml.com. Then, we generate XML information of these models. The XML file is processed to extract variables from the class and predicates from class diagram using Java code. The predicates are then used to generate the test cases. Our approach achieves 100% branch coverage and suitable for mutation testing and unit testing.

Keywords: Quality Software, (UML), XML file, Manual Testing Has Become Time,

References:

1. S. K. Swain, S. K. Pani, and D. P. Mohapatra, "Model based object-oriented software testing.," Journal of Theoretical & Applied Information Technology, vol. 14, 2010.
2. M. Aggarwal and S. Sabharwal, "Test case generation from uml state machine diagram: A survey," in Computer and Communication Technology (ICCCT), 2012 Third International Conference on, pp. 133{140, IEEE, 2012.
3. R. K. Swain, V. Panthi, D. P. Mohapatra, and P. K. Behera, "Prioritizing test scenarios from uml communication and activity diagrams," Innovations in Systems and Software Engineering, pp. 1{16, 2013.
4. Y. Le Traon, T. Jeron, J.-M. Jezequel, and P. Morel, "Efficient object-oriented integration and regression testing," Reliability, IEEE Transactions on, vol. 49, no. 1, pp. 12{25, 2000.
5. V. Le Hanh, K. Akif, Y. Le Traon, and J.-M. Jezeque, "Selecting an efficient oo integration testing strategy: an experimental comparison of actual strategies," in ECOOP Object-Oriented Programming, pp. 381{401, Springer, 2001.
6. Jeevarathinam, Antony Selvadoss Thanamani. 2010. Towards Test Case Generation from Software Specification. Internation-al Journal of Engineering Science and Technology, Vol. 2(11), pp. 6578-6584.
7. Navnath Shete; Avinash Jadhav, “An empirical study of test cases in software testing” International Conference on Information Communication and Embedded Systems (ICICES2014), Year: 2014, Pages: 1 – 5
8. Muhammad Nomani Kabir; Jahan Ali; AbdulRahman A. Alsewari; Kamal Z. Zamli, “An adaptive flower pollination algorithm for software test suite minimization”, 2017 3rd International Conference on Electrical Information and Communication Technology (EICT)Year: 2017, Pages: 1 - 5
9. Jai Gaur; Akshita Goyal; Tanupriya Choudhury; Sai Sabitha, “A walk through of software testing techniques”, International Conference System Modeling & Advancement in Research Trends (SMART), Year: 2016, Pages: 103 – 108

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3.

Authors:

D. Vinod, P. Kodanda Ramarao

Paper Title:

Comparison of Response of The Structures Against Seismic Force

Abstract: The study of this paper is to assess the seismic vulnerability and response of regular and irregular shaped multi-storey building of same floor area 825 square meters. The regular building of rectangle shape is considered and irregular building of L shape structure is considered for the analysis. 11 storeyed regular (rectangular) shaped and irregular (L-shape) shaped buildings have been modeled using computer program ETABS 2016. Firstly the both rectangle and L shape buildings are analyzed with bare frame without any infill walls, later the rectangle and L shape buildings are analyzed by providing external infill walls around the plan of 10m×15m respectively. The analysis is done by Response spectrum method according to IS 1893(part 1): 2002. Comparative study on the maximum storey displacement, maximum storey drift and time periods of L and rectangular shaped building due to dynamic response spectrum has been explored. . From the results it is inferred that building with severe irregularity produces more deformation than regular building.

Keywords: Irregularities, Response Spectrum Method, Infill Walls, ETABS.

References:

  1. Ramchandani, J.R. and Mangulkar, M.N. “Comparison between Different Shapes of Structure by Response Spectrum Method of Dynamic Analysis”, Open Journal of Civil Engineering, 6, 131-138. (2016).W.-K. Chen, Linear Networks and Systems (Book style). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, 1993, pp. 123–135.
  2. Arvindreddy, R.J.Fernandes, “Seismic analysis of RC regular and irregular frame structures” International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET), Volume: 02 Issue: 05, 44-47 Aug-2015.
  3. Ravikanth Chittiprolu, Ramancharla Pradeep Kumar, “Significance of Shear Wall in High rise Irregular Buildings” International Journal of Education and Applied Research (IJEAR), IJEAR Vol. 4, Issue Spl-2, 35-37. Jan - June 2014.
  4. Dnyaneshkumar H. Lanjewar, Prof. Amey Khedikar “Seismic Analysis of Irregular Shape Building” An International E-Journal On Emerging Trends In Science, Technology and Management ISSN NO: 2454-1958 Volume 2: Issue 2. 43-48 February 2017.
  5. Arturo Tena-Colunga, M.ASCE; and Jesús Cano-Licona “Simplified Method for the Seismic Analysis of Masonry Shear-Wall Buildings” journal of structural engineering, 136(5): 511-520 ASCE / May 2010.
  6. Narayanan S P, Sirajuddin M “Properties of Brick Masonry for FE modeling”, American Journal of Engineering Research (AJER) e-ISSN: 2320-0847 p-ISSN: 2320-0936 Volume-1 pp-06-11. 2013.
  7. Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi, “IS 456:2000, Plain and Reinforced Concrete - Code of Practice”, Fourth Revision, July (2000).
  8. IS 1893 part I-2002 criteria For Earthquake Resistant Design of Structures.

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4.

Authors:

K. Ramadoss, R. Elansezhian, S. Jayabal

Paper Title:

Optimization of Controlling Factors on Tool Wear When Coolant Mixed with Additives on Turning of Mg-Y Alloy

Abstract: The output parameters like surface roughness, the tool job interface temperature, metal removal rate, and tool wear during turning operation are depending upon the input factors of the turning operation. In this paper a magnesium alloy was subjected into turning operation on a medium speed lathe to observe the tool wear. The chance of fire hazard and sticking of tool with magnesium alloy is reduced by introducing Minimum quantity lubrication technique. The lubricoolents are mixed with nano sized additives of Silicon cabide, Coppr oxide and Titanium oxide. Since input factors are in more numbers, the initial optimization of feed rate, quantity of supplied coolent ,mixed nano additive with optimized quantity, the optimized nano Copper Oxide was further mixed with surfactants such as Sodium Dodecylsulfat (SDS). Cetyl Trimethyl Ammonium Bromide (CTAB) and Zwitterionic at a concentration of 1g/lit and 2g/lit. A new magnesium alloy yitrium and calcium composition was subjected to turning operation with different machining parameters and with different cutting tips for analysis of surface roughness, Temperature developed, Rate of metal removal and tool wear . Optimization was carried out by using Taguchi method. The optimized values of Speed, Feed rate, Type of nanoparticle with concentration, and Type of surfactant were obtained. The mixing of surfactant contributed considerably in reduction of nano particle usage. The model based predicted value and Experimental values are very close to each other. 

Keywords: Surface Roughness, Metal Removal Rate, Magnesium Alloy, Nano Additives, Surfactants, Minimum Quantity Lubrication. Tool Wear.

References:

  1. Wu An-ru,Xia chang-qing ‘Study of the microstructure and mechanical properties of Mg-rare earth alloys’ J of Material Dsign 28(2007)1963-1967.
  2. F King: Development of practical High temperature magnesium casting alloys, magnesium alloys and their applications. Edited By B.L Mordike and KU kainu, WILLEY – VCH Weinheim Gerany P.14-22.2000.
  3. HE Friedrich and B.L Mordike: Magnesium technology, springer-verlog Berlin Heidelberg Germany-2006.
  4. L Mordike and T.Ebert: Magnesium applications-potential, journal of material science engineering A 302- P.37-45. 2001.
  5. Gariboldi: Drilling a magnesium alloy using PVD coated twist drills, journal of material processing technology 134.P 287-295,2003.
  6. Tikal M chmier and C vollmer: High speed drilling in A291D without lubricants: WILEY – VCH verlog Gmbtt, weinheim, Germany 2000.
  7. Tomac K.Tonneson and T.Mikkac: Study of influence of aluminium content on mechinability of magnesium alloys, stronjanstic 50(6) 363- 367, 2008.
  8. Hamko, C.Lochhichler, W.Riederer and G Macher: Techniques for recycling of magnesium proceedings of the 6th international conference magnesium alloys and their applications Wiley-VCH Germany 2004.
  9. Tharaighmani S, Rosli S, Hassam “ A study of minimum quantity of lubricants on inconel 718 steel” journal of archives of material science and engineering, September-2009.
  10. H.Ruzi , M.Norhamidi, S.Abu Bakar, R.J.Khairur, M.N.Nor Hafiez, A.Sufizar and I.I.Mohd Halim Murtadhahadi: A Review Of Workability Of Wrought Magnesium Alloys, Advanced Manufacturing Research Group’09 Seminar 3, Advanced Manufacturing Research Group, 2009.
  11. optimization of high speed turning parameters of super alloy ...... 718 material using Tagudhi technique: Dinesh Thakar , B.Ramamoorthy & L.Vijayaraghavan Indian Journal of engineering& material sciences vol.16 february 2009 PP 14-50
  12. K Ramadoss, R Elanshezhian ’Synthesis and characterization of newly formulated Magnesium Alloy with rare earth metal and study of microstructure and mechanical properties ’proceedings IEEE-ICRDPET2013vol1 p103.
  13. K Ramadoss, R Elanshezhian ‘Performance Validation of Newly Developed Minimum Quantity Lubrication (MQL) setup on Capstan Lathe’ proceedings IEEE-ICRDPET2013vol1 p107
  14. Ali Riza Motorcu ‘The optimization of machining parameters using the Taguchi method for surface Roughness of AISI8660 Hardened alloy steel’.Strojniski vestnik-Journalof Mechanical Enginering 56(2010)6 391-401.
  15. Sijo M.T and Biju.N’Taguchi method for Optimization of Cutting Parameters in Turning oprations’ AMAE Int.J. on Manufacturing and material science.Vol01May2011p44.
  16. Nasr, M. N. A., Ng, E.-G., and Elbestawi, M. A., 2007, “Modelling the Effects of Tool-Edge Radius on Residual Stresses When Orthogonal Cutting AISI 316 L,” Int. J. Mach. Tools Manuf., 47(2), pp. 401–411.
  17. Ventura, C. H. H., K€ohler, J., and Denkena, B., 2015, “Influence of CuttingEdge Geometry on Tool Wear Performance in Interrupted Hard Turning,” J. Manuf. Processes, 19, pp. 129–134.
  18. Bassett, E., K€ohler, J., and Denkena, B., 2012, “On the Honed Cutting Edge and Its Side Effects During Orthogonal Turning Operations of AISI1045With Coated WC-Co Inserts,” CIRP J. Manuf. Sci. Technol., 5(2), pp. 10 8–126

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5.

Authors:

Surender Kumar

Paper Title:

Experimentation on Solar Thermoelectric Module for Cooling and Heating

Abstract: Now a day’s energy conservation plays a major role in day to day life due to energy crisis. Thus a solution has to be given to utilize the heat energy dissipated to environment for the useful heating applications and conserve waste heat energy. The thermoelectric effect has been proven as a source of cooling and small power generation as defined by the Peltier-Seebeck effect. A novel idea of this is to utilize both heating and cooling effects generated by Thermo-Electric module so we have developed a system which will produce cooling effect without the use of mechanical devices and also this system does not require working fluids or any moving parts. Solar panel was used to power up thermoelectric modules (TE-12706 module) with the help of a battery in order to provide continuous power. The waste heat regeneration unit consisting of two parallel copper plates and a water channel with staggered fins was installed above the hot side of thermoelectric cooler (TEC) and a fan was installed in colder side for cooling purpose. The heat dissipated from the thermoelectric cooler can be removed by the cooling water such that the performance of the cooling module is elevated. The system was tested in different flow rates of water for effective utilization.

Keywords: Solar panel, TEC, Water channel, Green building. 

References:

1. M. B. Dhawade, E. Mourya, A. Yadav, D. Samuel, S. A. Mohod, and V. N. Deshpande, “Review on portable solar thermoelectric refrigerator cum air cooler”, International Journal of Advance Research in Science and Engineering, Vol. 4, 2015, pp. 44-58.
2. J. D. Francis, “Thermoelectric cooling and power generation”, Science, Vol. 2, 2005, pp. 703-706.
3. S. M. Nivas, V. D. Vardhan, and K. Ramya, “Photovoltaic driven dual purpose thermoelectric refrigerator for rural india”, International Journal of Advancements in Research and Technology, Vol. 2, 2013, pp. 111-116.
4. A. A. W. Sabah, A. Elkamel, A. M. A. Damkhi, and M. U. Chutani, “Design and experimental investigation of portable solar thermoelectric refrigerator”, Renewable Energy, 2009, pp. 30- 34.
5. M. K. Rawat, P. K. Sen, H. Chattopadhyay, and S. Neogi, “Development and experimental study of solar powered thermoelectric system”, International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications, Vol. 3, 2013, pp. 2543-2547.
6. S. S. Khode, P. Kale, and C. Gandhile, “Review on application of thermoelectric peltier module in cooling and power generating technology”, International Journal of Engineering and Technical Research, Vol. 3, 2015, pp. 71-74.
7. D. Astrain, and J. G. Vian, “Computational model for refrigerators based on peltier effect application”, Applied Thermal Engineering, Vol. 25, 2005, pp. 149-162.
8. J. L. Christian, and J. R. Barbosa, “Thermodynamic comparison of peltier, stirling, and vapor compression portable coolers”, Applied Energy, Vol. 9, 2011, pp.51-5.
9. R. S. Bharj, and S. Kumar, “Experimental study of power reduction from cold storage by using VFD”, International Journal of Research in Management, Science & Technology, Vol. 4, 2016, pp. 1-5.
10. S. Kumar, and R. S. Bharj, “Design for Solar Hybrid Mobile Multipurpose Cold Storage system”, International Journal of Technical Research & Science, Vol. 1, 2016, pp. 289-294.
11. H. Mousazadeh, A. Keyhani, A. Javadi, H. Mobli, K. Abrinia, and A. Sharifi, “A review of principle and sun-tracking methods for maximizing solar systems output”, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 13, 2009, pp. 13-18.
12. M. Toivola, L. Peltokorpi, J. Halme, and P. Lund, “Regenerative effects by temperature variations in dye-sensitized solar cells”, Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells, Vol. 91, 2007, pp. 17-33.
13. E. Radziemska , “The effect of temperature on the power drop in crystalline silicon solar cells”, Renewable Energy, Vol. 28, 2003, pp. 2-8.
14. R. S. Bharj, and S. Kumar, “Energy Efficient Hybrid Solar System for Cold Storage in Remote Areas”, International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology, Vol. 4, 2015, pp. 315-318.
15. Y. Y. Hsiao, W. C. Chang, and S. L. Chen, “A mathematic model of thermoelectric module with applications on waste heat recovery from automobile engine”, Energy, Vol. 35, 2010, pp. 14-17.
16. S. A. A. Wahab, A. Elkamel, A. M. A. Damkhi, I. A. A. Habsi, H. A. Rubaiey, and A. A. Battashi, “Solar thermoelectric refrigeration systems”, International J. Energy Technology and Policy, Vol. 7, 2009, pp. 127-136.
17. B. Shreekar, and M. Vedachary, “Implementation of solar fridge with fast chilling application with temperature monitoring using LPC2148”, International Journal of Advanced Research and Innovation, Vol. 2, 2013.
18. M. Awasthi, and K. V. Mali, “Design and development of thermoelectric refrigerator”, International journal of mechanical engineering & robotics research, Vol. 1, 2015, pp. 15-20.
19. A. kumar, and K. Venkatesswarlu, “Implementation of solar fridge with fast chilling applications”, International Journal Management and Research, Vol. 2, 2015, pp. 24-28.
20. C. H. Cheng, S. Y. Huang, and T. C. Cheng, “A three-dimensional theoretical model for predicting transient thermal behaviour of thermoelectric coolers”, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 53, 2010, pp. 01-07.
21. M. Kubo, M. Shinoda, T. Furuhata, and K. Kitagawa, “Optimization of the incision size and cold-end temperature of a thermoelectric device”, Energy, Vol. 30, 2005, pp. 21-26.
22. D. R. Myers, “Solar radiation modeling and measurements for renewable energy applications: data and model quality”, Energy, Vol. 30, 2005, pp. 15-17.
23. R.S. Bharj, S. Kumar, and R. Kumar, “Study on solar hybrid system for cold storage”, International Journal of Research in Management, Science & Technology, Vol. 3, 2015, pp. 71-74.
24. Y. j. Dai, R. Z. Wang, and L. Ni, “Expr. Investigation on a thermo- electric refrigerator driven by solar cells”, Renew Energy, Vol. 28, 2003, pp. 49-55.
25. V. S. Umesh, P. K. Jhavar, and G. R. Seloskar, “Thermoelectric Refrigeration by Using Solar Energy for Domestic Appliance”, International Journal of Research in Advent Technology, Vol. 3, 2015, pp. 72-75.

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6.

Authors:

Aravind Raj D., Dinesh Kumar G.

Paper Title:

Gesture of Robotic Arm using IOT Network

Abstract: This paper present the research activities and the results obtained to controlling the robotic hand using man wearied robotic gloves. The practical setup is obtained with the help of robotic arm. This is paper updates the existing system, in which short distance controlling can be done. The model developed will be of minimum cost and can be used in variety of places and also in various applications. The interest in robotics has been steadily increasing in recent times and research on robots for new and diverse fields is ongoing. This project discusses the current research and development on robot actuator, which is used to control the joints of robots, and focuses on developing more efficient technology for joint control, as compared with the current technologies. It also aims to find means to apply the abovementioned technology to diverse industrial fields. We found that easy and effective control of actuators could be achieved by using IOT network, which were widely being used on wireless communications. It is proved that the developed wireless actuator could be used for easy control of various robot joints.

Keywords: IOT Network, The Practical Setup Is Obtained With The Help Of Robotic Arm.

References:

1. R. D. Howe and Y. Matsuoka, “Robotics for surgery,” Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering, vol. 1, pp. 211–240, 1999.
2. R. H. Taylor and D. Stoianovici, “Medical robotics in computer-integrated surgery,” IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation, vol. 19, no. 5, pp. 765–781, 2003.
3. R. Lanfranco, A. E. Castellanos, J. P. Desai, and W. C. Meyers, “Robotic surgery: a current perspective,” Annals of Surgery, vol. 239, no. 1, pp. 14–21, 2004.
4. S. Badaan and D. Stoianovici, “Robotic systems: past, present, and future,” in Robotics in Genitourinary Surgery, pp. 655–665, Springer, New York, NY, USA, 2011.
5. Johannes Bodner and John Fish “The da Vinci robotic system for general surgical applications: a critical interim appraisal”, Swiss Medical Weekly 2005; 135:674–678.
6. Aruna D. Mane and Sirkazi Mohd. Arif, “An Advanced Robot – Robin Heart (A Surgeon without hand Tremor)”, International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology (IJEAT), ISSN: 2249 – 8958, Volume-2, Issue-5, June 2013.
7. R. C. Luo, K.L. Su, .A multi agent multi sensor based real-time sensory control system for intelligent security robot. IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, vol. 2, 2003, pp.2394 .2399.
8. Robert Faludi, "Building Wireless Sensor Networks: with ZigBee, XBee, Arduino, and Processing
9. Intuitive Surgical, "Da Vinci Surgical System", http://www.intusurg.com/products/da_vinci.html [7/10/05]
10. C. Pasca, P. Payeur, E.M. Petriu, A-M. Cretu, "Intelligent Haptic Sensor System for Robotic Manipulation," Proc. MTC/2004, IEEE Instrum. Meas. Technol. Conf., pp. 279-284, Como, Italy, May 2004.
11. Bouzit, M.; Burdea, G.; Popescu, G.; Boian, R., "The Rutgers Master II-new design force-feedback glove", IEEE/ASME Transactions on Mechatronics, Volume 7, Issue 2, June 2002 Page(s):256-263

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7.

Authors:

Dinesh Kumar G.

Paper Title:

Design of 4×4 Microstrip Quasi-Yagi Beam-Steering Antenna Array Operation at 3.5GHz for Future 5G Vehicle Applications

Abstract: In this paper, a novel design of 4×4 microstrip Quasi- Yagi beam-steering antenna array operation at 3.5GHz for future 5G vehicle applications is proposed. This array consists of sixteen element antennas with dimension of 374×374×1.15mm3, which exhibits good bandwidth (impedance bandwidth of single antenna element about 440MHz for S11 less than -10dB at the center frequency of 3.5GHz) and high gain (for single antenna about 7dBi and for antenna array about 5.8~8.76dBi). The beam-steering characteristics in the operation band can nearly achieve omni-directional radiation.

Keywords: 5G; Quasi-Yagi Antenna Array; Beam-Steering; Omni-Directional Radiation

References:

  1. Huang J, Densmore A C. Microstrip Yagi array antenna for mobile satellite vehicle application[J]. IEEE Transactions on Antennas & Propagation, 1991, 39(7):1024-1030.
  2. Kretly L C, Ribeiro A S. A novel tilted dipole quasi-Yagi antenna designed for 3G and Bluetooth applications[C], Microwave and Optoelectronics Conference, 2003. IMOC 2003. Proceedings of the 2003 SBMO/IEEE MTT-S International. IEEE, 2003:303-306 vol.1.
  3. https://www.fcc.gov/5G
  4. Helander J, Zhao K, Ying Z, et al. Performance Analysis of Millimeter Wave Phased Array Antennas in Cellular Handsets[J]. IEEE Antennas & Wireless Propagation Letters, 2015, 15:1-1.
  5. Kan H K, Waterhouse R B, Abbosh A M, et al. Simple Broadband Planar CPW-Fed Quasi-Yagi Antenna[J]. Antennas & Wireless Propagation Letters IEEE, 2007, 6(11):18-20.
  6. Wong K L, Lu J Y, Chen L Y, et al. 8-antenna and 16-antenna arrays using the quad-antenna linear array as a building block for the 3.5-GHz LTE MIMO operation in the smartphone[J]. Microwave & Optical Technology Letters, 2016, 58(1):174–181.
  7. Ban Y L, Li C, Sim C Y D, et al. 4G/5G Multiple Antennas for Future Multi-Mode Smartphone Applications[J]. IEEE Access, 2016, 4:1-1.
  8. Wentao Zhang, Qiang Wang, XiaoYang He, et al. A broadband 16-element 2-D phased array based on quasi-Yagi antennas[C], Proceedings of the 11th European Radar Conference, 2014 EuMA, 2014: 325-328.
  9. Yibo Wang, Hao Wang, and Guangli Yang. Design of Dipole Beam-steering Antenna Array for 5G Handset Applications[C]//37th Progress In Electromagnetics Research Symposium, 2016. PIERS 2016 IEEE.

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8.

Authors:

Abhishek Kumar Singh, Sunil Kumar

Paper Title:

Comparison between Compressive Strength of Rudraksha bead (Elaeocarpus Ganitrus Roxb.) in Vertical and Horizontal Plane and Bead Properties

Abstract: Rudraksha (Elaeocarpus Ganitrus Roxb.) shows multi-elemental composition by virtue of which it is used to make the medicines, cosmetics, spiritual gems etc. The use of Rudraksha is increasing with passage of time and its cultivation is started in plains. Earlier studies were based on pharmaceutical and chemical properties. Its physical and engineering properties were not studied which varies largely with climate, soil type and altitude. Present study is based on useful physical and engineering properties of Rudraksha beads to extract useful information for design and development of grading system for value addition, conveying and milling units for design and development of processing units to satisfy global requirement of Rudraksha. The horizontal and vertical compressive strength of beads were monitored by using compression testing machine. Results showed that the compressive strength is increasing with small variations in geometrical parameters of bead. The range of compressive strength was found between 0.36 MPa to 0.80 MPa (N/mm2). After cracking us also found that in the various chamber (depend on the mukhi) inside the bead 0-3 seeds are available. To convert the Rudraksha bead into usable form it is required to be milled properly in the form of fine powder. The texture, tri-axial dimension and beads of Rudraksha were studied. The tri-axial dimension of Rudraksha green fruit is ranging from 17 mm to 33 mm. The arithmetic mean of density of Rudraksha beads of large, medium and small size are 0.82 g/cc, 1.15 g/cc and 1.01 g/cc with standard deviation of 6.8 %, 8.5 % and 10.4 % respectively. Present document is useful to design a machine to crack and make in powder form. So that compressive strength of Rudraksha bead is useful for designing a machine like milling machine, grinding machine and crushing machine to mill and crush the Rudraksha bead. These studies can change economic status of marginal and small farmers in hilly region as well as in plains.

Keywords: Compressive strength, Rudraksha beads, Cortical thickness and weighing machine with load cell, Rudraksha, Grading Green Fruit, Beads. 

References:

  1. Abhishek Kr. Singh, Durg Vijay Rai, The Variation In Physical Properties Affects The Vertical Compressive Strength Of The Rudraksha-Bead (Elaeocarpus Ganitrus Roxb) International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Technology (IJMET) Volume 7, Issue 3, , pp.267–275, May–June 2016.
  2. A K Singh, R Kumar, D V Rai, Study on Engineering Properties of Rudraksha (Elaeocarpus Ganitrus Roxb.) for Design and Development of Agricultural Processing Units International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, Volume 7, Issue 5, May-2016.
  3. Swati Hardainiyan1, Bankim Chandra Nandy, Krishan Kumar, Elaeocarpus Ganitrus (Rudraksha): A Reservoir Plant with their Pharmacological Effects, J. Pharm. Sci. Rev. Res., 34(1), Article No. 10, Pages: 55-64, 2015.
  4. Brijendra kr. Maurya1, Saurabh kr. Bajpai, Abhishek kr. Singh, Comparison of Various Water Level Controllers’ Models for Boiler Drum International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Research Volume 3 Issue 1 (Page, 29-35), 2014.
  5. Shikha Jain, Kirti Jatwa, Vikas Jain, Avnish Sharma, S.C. Mahajan, A Review on Elaeocarpus Sphaericus (Rudraksha), PharmaTutor; 2(7); 83-91, 2014.
  6. Emesu, P. and Mobuza, P. Determination of some engineering properties of Morama beans (Tylosema Esculentum). CIGR Journal 16(3):181:188, 2014.
  7. Amit Dadhich*, Anirudha Rishi , Gargi Sharma And Subhash Chandra Phytochemicals Of Elaeocarpus With Their Therapeutic Value: A Review, Int J Pharm Bio Sci; 4(3): (P) 591 – 598, 2013.
  8. Heidarbeigi, K., H. Ahmadi, K. Kheiralpour, and A. Tabatabaeefar. Some physical and mechanical properties of khinjuk. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 8(1): 74-77, 2009.
  9. Altunas E., and H. Demirtola. “Effect of moisture content on physical properties of some grain legume seeds.” Official methods of analysis of AOAC International. Gaithersburg: AOAC International, 7(4):288–290, 2007.
  10. Degirmenciouglu, A., and A.K. Srivastava, “Development of screw conveyor performance models using dimensional analysis.” Transactions of the ASAE, 39(5): 1757-1763, 2003.
  11. Bucklin, R.A., S.A. Thompson, I.J. Ross, and R.H. Biggs. Apparent dynamic coefficient of friction of corn on galvanized steel bin wall material. Transactions of the ASAE, 36(6): 1915-1918, 1993.
  12. Hall, G. E. and L. D. Hill “Test weight adjustment based on moisture content and mechanical damage of corn kernels.” Transactions of the ASAE 17(3):578–579, 1974.
  13. Khodabakhshian, R., B. Emadi, and M.H.A. Fard. Frictional behavior of sunflower seed and its kernel as a function of moisture content, variety and size. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology, 4(3): 83-94, 2010.
  14. Khoshtaghaza, M. H., and R. A. Chayjan. Effect of some physical properties on fluidisation stability of grain products. Biosystems Engineering, 98(2): 192-197, 2007.
  15. Lewis M.J. (1987). Physical Properties of Foods and Food Processing Systems. Chichester, UK: Ellis Harwood. [An introduction to several engineering properties, with examples applicable to food processing operations and equipment selection in food technology.]Miles, S. R. The relation between moisture content and test weight of corn. Journal of the American Society of Agronomy 19:412–418,1987.
  16. Mohsenin, N. Physical Properties of Plant and Animal Materials: Structure, Physical Characteristics, and Mechanical Properties. New York: Gordon and Breach Science. [A sourcebook that describes most engineering properties and mechanical properties in detail.], 1986.
  17. Mohsenin N.N. Electromagnetic Radiation Properties of Food and Agricultural Products. New York: Gordon and Breach Science. [Basic concepts of optical and electric properties and their applications in processed foods.], 1984.
  18. Nelson, S. O. Moisture-dependent kernel-and bulk-density relationships for wheat and corn. Transactions of the ASAE 23(1):139–143, 1980.
  19. Nelson, S.O. and Datta, A.K. Dielectric Properties of Food Materials and Electric Interactions. In: Handbook of Microwave Technology for Food Applications (ed. A. Datta and R.C. Anantheswaran), 69-114, 2001.
  20. Zink, F. J. Specific gravity and air space of grains and seeds. Agricultural Engineering 16(11):439–440, (1935)

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9.

Authors:

Kennedy A. Iroanusi

Paper Title:

Electromagnetic Waves Interaction with Cytoplasm and Membrane of the Outer Segment of the Rod Photoreceptor Modelled and Analysed on HFSS

Abstract: Horn antennas are widely used in ultra-wideband (UWB) applications, medical imaging devices, and radars and also in other wireless astronomical applications; the antennas are commonly used as a feeding antenna for satellite parabolic reflectors (Daniyan et al. 2014). The use of horn antennas in wide variety of application are based on two reasons; excellent radiation characteristics with good directivity, high gain, very low level voltage standing wave ratio (VSWR), wide bandwidth and it is very easy to fabricate mechanically (Singh 2011). In this paper; we will consider the design of a compact conical horn antenna designed for the visible light spectrum as an inner segment of a human photoreceptor and the outer segment of the photoreceptor is designed as a cascaded unit cells rather as an interwoven structure consisting of cytoplasm and membrane using HFSS. The unit antenna structure will be excited by plane wave and simulated to study the properties and the overall contribution of the photoreceptor’s outer segment in hyperacuity of human visual system without considering the outer segment of the rods or cones separately. In the future, the three types of cones (Large, short and medium wavelength cones) and rods will be modelled, evaluated and the outcomes will be published. 

Keywords: Aperture Antenna, Conical Horn Antenna, Bioengineering, Hyper Acuity, Photoreceptors. 

References:

  1. Daniyan, O.L. et al., (2014). Horn Antenna Design : The Concepts and Considerations. , 4(5), pp.706–708.
  2. Sigal, I.A., Flanagan, J.G. & Ethier, C.R., (2005). Factors Influencing Optic Nerve Head Biomechanics. Investigative Opthalmology & Visual Science, 46(11), p.4189 [online] available from <http://iovs.arvojournals.org/article.aspx?doi=10.1167/iovs.05-0541> [13 August 2013].
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  5. Hoffmann, J. et al., (2009). Comparison of electromagnetic field solvers for the 3D analysis of plasmonic nano antennas. Modeling Aspects in Optical Metrology, p.12. [online] available from < http://arxiv.org/abs/0907.3570> [28 August 2013].
  6. Singh, K. & Siwach, A., (2013). Advancement in Designing of Wideband Horn Antenna. , 4(April), pp.719–722.
  7. Karpen, J.W. et al., (1988). Gating kinetics of the cyclic-GMP-activated channel of retinal rods: flash photolysis and voltage-jump studies. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 85(4), pp.1287–1291.
  8. Sigal, I.A., Flanagan, J.G. & Ethier, C.R., (2005). Factors Influencing Optic Nerve Head Biomechanics. Investigative Opthalmology & Visual Science, 46(11), p.4189 [online] available from <http://iovs.arvojournals.org/article.aspx?doi=10.1167/iovs.05-0541> [13 August 2013].
  9. R, W.P.C.J., Pichon, L. & Razek, A., (2000). A 3D " nite element method for the modelling of bounded and unbounded electromagnetic problems in the time domain. , (April 1999), pp.527–540.
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  11. Njoku, C.C. et al., (2012). Simulation Methodology for Synthesis of Antenna Substrates With Microscale Inclusions. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, 60(5), pp.2194–2202 [online] available from < https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/dspace-jspui/handle/2134/9993>                    [09 August 2013].
  12. Nicolson, S.T. & Voinigescu, S.P., (2006). Methodology for simultaneous noise and impedance matching in W-band LNAs. Technical Digest - IEEE Compound Semiconductor Integrated Circuit Symposium, CSIC, (5), pp.279–282 [online] available from <http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpls/abs_all.jsp?arnumber=4110041> [08 August 2013].
  13. Kazemipour, A. et al., (2014). The Horn Antenna as Gaussian Source in the mm-Wave Domain. Journal of Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves, 35(9), pp.720–731 [online] available from
  14. <http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10762-014-00779
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  16. Saade, C., Alvarez-Delfin, K. and Fadool, J. (2018). Rod Photoreceptors Protect from Cone Degeneration-Induced Retinal Remodeling and Restore Visual Responses in Zebrafish. [Online] Available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3711385/ [Accessed 3 Aug. 2014].
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10.

Authors:

Thrinesh Duvvuru, Chenna Kesava Venkata Sai Krishna Lalam

Paper Title:

Ergonomic Design of an Uberhood

Abstract: This paper provides an in-detail description of the design considerations, ansys analysis and theoretical data involved in the design of an ERGONOMIC UBERHOOD. The main objective of this paper is to design uberhoods with different shapes and obtain an efficient uberhood from the tested designs. In the wake of many two-wheeler accidents happening in rainy season due to the visibility factor, a hood can be placed to improve the visibility factor for the driver. Especially in two wheelers, there is lot of scope in the design in aerodynamics. The rider provides considerable unattended drag by acting as a bluff body, which can be reduced by stream lining the flow of air. Air should be provided with a hood so that it will get stream lined without reaching bluf body. Preliminary basic shapes like parabola and ellipse are chosen for designing the hood for BAJAJ AVENGER 220. SOLIDWORKS is used for modeling the hood. Based on the model, theoretical drag forces were calculated for the corresponding Reynold’s number. ANSYS Fluent is used to obtain pressure contours, velocity contours, drag forces and lift forces. Theoretical drag force and the simulated drag forces are compared. The results obtained from Fluent are compared with the unhooded vehicle. There is an overall reduction in drag force for hooded vehicle when compared to the unhooded vehicle.

Keywords: Ergonomic Uberhood, Bajaj Avenger 220. Solidworks, Ansys Fluent is used to obtain pressure contours, velocity contours, drag forces and lift forces.

References:

  1. Aerodynamic Optimal Shape Design Based on Body-Fitted Grid Generation Farzad Mohebbi and Mathieu Sellier Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch 8140, New Zealand.
  2. Methods for drag reduction of bluff bodies and their application to heavy road vehicles, G. Buresti, G.V. Iungo, G. Lombardi.
  3. Fluid mechanics, Cengel 2011.
  4. December 2012 Aerodynamic Analysis and Drag Coefficient Evaluation of Time- Trial Bicycle Riders Peter Nicholas Doval University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
  5. Review of Aerodynamic Drag Reduction Devices for Heavy Trucks and Buses, National Research Council Canada, Centre For Surface Transport Technology.

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11.

Authors:

K. Mounika, M. Sunil Kumar, J. Ayyappa

Paper Title:

Performance Evaluation of Maximum Power Point Tracking Approaches for PV Array under PSC with Differential Converters

Abstract: One of the most important issue in the operation of a photovoltaic (PV) system is extracting maximum power from the PV array, especially in the partial shading condition(PSC).In this paper a PV array mathematical model with different MPPT techniques in a standalone model is validated. The characteristics of PV array are highly non-linear as they depend on temperature and irradiation. Therefore it is important to extract the optimum possible power from PV panels with control algorithms. The reduction of total efficiency of PV generation conversion is due to partial shading. PV array along with boost converter and MPPT controller are simulated in MATLAB/Simulink environment. When there are changes in climatic conditions, the parameters of capacitance and inductance of the DC-DC converter will change to attain optimal efficiency. This paper presents different MPPT techniques like Perturb & observe, Incremental conductance, fuzzy logic methods to extract the optimum power from the PV panel. This paper proposes a differential power converter to overcome the PV partial shading problem along with INC control algorithm and fuzzy logic controller.

Keywords: Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT), Perturb & Observe (P&O), Incremental Conductance (INC), Fuzzy Logic Controller, Partial Shading, Differential Power Converter.

References:

  1. Esram and P. L.Chapman, “Comparison of photovoltaic array maximum power point tracking techniques,” IEEE Trans. Energy Convers., vol. 22, no. 8, pp. 439–449, Jun. 2007.
  2. -J. Wang and P.-C. Hsu, “An investigation on partial shading of PV modules with different connection configurations of PV cells,” Energy, vol. 36, pp. 3069–3078, 2011.
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  9. Moballegh and J. Jiang, “Modeling, prediction, and experimental validations of power peaks of PV arrays under partial shading conditions,” IEEE Trans. Sustainable Energy, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 293–300, Jan. 2014.
  10. W. Hart, “Power Electronics,” McGraw-Hill Companies Inc., New York, 2010.
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  12. A. S. Masoum, M. Sarvi, “A new fuzzy-based Maximum power point tracker for photovoltaic applications”, Iranian Journal of Electrical & Electronic Engineering, Vol. 1, January 2005
  13. Young-Hyok, J. Doo-Yong, K. Jun-Gu, K. Jae-Hyung, L. Tae-Won, andW. Chung-Yuen, “A real maximum power point tracking method for mismatching compensation in PV array under partially shaded conditions,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 1001–1009, Apr. 2011.

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