Technical Aspects of Official Letters from Caliph Umar Ibn Al-Khattab
Naeem Ashfaq1, Hussin Bin Salamon2, Mohd Fauzi bin Abu Hussin3, Nasrul Hisyam bin Nor Muhamad4, Sulaiman Shakib Bin Mohd5, Aminuddin Bin Ruskam6
Manuscript received on 01 September 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 10 September 2019 | Manuscript Published on 23 September 2019 | PP: 563-222 | Volume-8 Issue-5C, May 2019 | Retrieval Number: E10820585C19/19©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.E1082.0585C19
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: The period of ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab’s caliphate is undoubtedly the golden age of Islam in every respect. Having prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم as the messenger of Islam, he is the architect of the Islamic State in its technical sense. Within the period of his glorious administration, he was not only able to extend the wings of Islam east and west, thus making the Islamic state was the biggest single states at that time. This study aims to explore the official letters addressed to different officials of the Islamic State by Caliph ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab. These letters reflect his ultimate capabilities in managerial skills on ethnic and linguistic tendencies through the linking forces of Islam. The method is library-based research, and the collected data is taken from secondary sources, which was collected from different classical books. The outcomes of this study show that these letters have multi-faced guidelines, which may be adopted and implemented from high to low levels of management in organizations. Additionally, this research depicts that how different type of groups and officials should be communicated, instructed and managed through effective communication means in a various academic and real environment.
Keywords: Caliph ‘Umar Ibn Al-Khattab, Official Letters, Categorization, Managerial Qualities, Divine Guidance.
Scope of the Article: Social Sciences