Hydrogen Fuel Cell in Automobile
Rushinesh Bagal1, Kaushik Deshpande2, Digvijay Yadav3

1Rushinesh Sayajirao Bagal, BE Mechanical Engineering, PVPIT Pune, SP Pune University, Pune (M.H), India.
2Kaushik Nitin Deshpande, BE Mechanical Engineering, PVPIT Pune, SP Pune University, Pune (M.H), India.
3Digvijay Ashok Yadav BE Mechanical Engineering, PVPIT Pune, SP Pune University, Pune (M.H), India.

Manuscript received on 15 April 2016 | Revised Manuscript received on 25 April 2016 | Manuscript Published on 30 April 2016 | PP: 144-146 | Volume-5 Issue-4, April 2016 | Retrieval Number: D4518045416/16©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: one of the most dynamic fields which have been developing rapidly with time is automobile. It has been observed that even today after so much of advancement automobile makers are striving hard to make it a perfect machine in every aspect, enabling it to face any problems that would come up in future, and one such biggest problem is the depletion of fossil fuels which forces us to look for alternate and equally efficient fuels. This paper is based on a study done in this direction. Hydrogen is not an energy source, it is an energy carrier. It can store and deliver energy but still, must be produced from compounds that contain it. Hydrogen can be produced using diverse, domestic resources including fossil fuels, such as coal (with carbon sequestration) and natural gas; nuclear; and biomass(“Hydrogen Production.”) Hydrogen fuel cells convert the energy in hydrogen to electricity. They are much more efficient at converting the energy source than other methods. Hydrogen fuel cell vehicles use electric motors and are much more energy efficient. They use 40-60 percent of the fuel’s energy. This would correspond to more than a 50% reduction in fuel consumption when compared to a conventional vehicle with an internal combustion engine. Fuel cells are also much quieter, have fewer moving parts, and are well suited to a variety of applications. This paper is based on “HYDROGEN FUEL CELL”.A Fuel Cell is an electrochemical device that combines hydrogen and oxygen to produce electricity, with heat as its by-product. Firstly we understand the main concept of fuel cell. Then working, the need for having an alternate fuel. Next we see how the fuel technology can be used. Then we see the advantages of the fuel cells by understanding their detailed composition and functioning. Then the efficiency of fuel cell. And then challenges to fuel cell.
Keywords: Energy, Fuel Cell, Hyrogen Application, Environmental Benefits, Environment, Sustainable Development.

Scope of the Article: Renewable Energy Technology