Criteria and Structure Analysis of the Dialogue among Religions in Mathnavi Ma’navi
Helale Amini1, Khalil Mirzaei Varoei2
1Helale Amini, Department of Persian language and literature, Islamic Azad University of Marivan, Iran.
2Khalil Mirzaei Varoei,  PhD of Education philosophy, Faculty member of Islamic Azad University, Marivan, Branch, Iran.
Manuscript received on January 24, 2014. | Revised Manuscript received on February 18, 2014. | Manuscript published on February 28, 2014. | PP: 397-401  | Volume-3, Issue-3, February 2014. | Retrieval Number:  C2676023314/2013©BEIESP

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Abstract: Mystic Poetry from its birth till its maturity has been irrigated with one main destiny and has been overfilled with divine minutes. One of the effective elements which blossomed mystic poetry, and Mathnavi as an example, is a “dialogue”. Mathnavi is a dialogic book which has narration in its infra-structure and its style is in a way that dialogue gives it a special look. In Mathnavi, the tone of voice is completely in harmony with the characterization, and so is the tone of the speaker in harmony with its listeners. The goal of this study is the analysis of Mowlana’s ideas about dialogue among different (human and non-human) characters and among the representatives of different schools of thinking and different religions. Additionally it engages to show the internal characteristics and personality of the characters and their actions and reactions to the presented thoughts through dialogue. This study attempts to give a history of dialogue and dialogical approaches among religions. It also explains the characteristics of dialogues through examples. From another viewpoint on which this study is founded dialogue is categorized according to its types (Dialogue and Monologue), the parties of speaking (Human and non-human), aspects of speaking (brevity, equality and verbiage) and thus the dialogues which have communicative and religious confronting representations.
Keywords: Mowlana, Mathnavi, Dialogue, Religions.