Biodiversity of River Ganga at Sapt Rishi Ashram, Hardwar, Uttaranchal
Surender Kaur
Surender Kaur, Pranveer Singh Institute of Technology, Kanpur (U.P), India.
Manuscript received on 10 January 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 20 January 2019 | Manuscript Published on 30 January 2019 | PP: 32-34 | Volume-8 Issue-2S2, January 2019 | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijeat.B10070182S219/19©BEIESP
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Abstract: Ganga is one of the oldest rivers which are recognized as major natural resources not only as sources of domestic, industrial , agricultural water and hydroelectric power but also for the food production and to have supported human settlements. The river has been the place of development of human civilization to a great extent. However, the occupancy over the year and industrialization is now having its ill effects on the river slowly but surely destroying the river in time and space. Ganga river is facing grave danger. The quality and biodiversity of Ganga River is getting degraded more severe every day. The concern over deterioration of quality and its biodiversity has stimulated research into the basic dynamics of river environment and its biotic communities so that the biodiversity of river could be conserved. Keeping this view in mind a study was conducted on biodiversity of River Ganga at Saptrishi Ashram during the year 2016-17. This paper reports the finding of a survey carried out at Saptrishi ashram region of Uttaranchal on the basis of season. The work was carried out to generate information on the freshwater aquatic system to help to manage the freshwater system using the ecosystem approach. Hardwar lies between approximately between approximately latitude 29º58′ North and longitude at 78º13’ East. Physico- chemical and biological parameters were observed in the first and third week of each month at study area. It was recorded that phytoplankton dominated over zooplankton. . It was recorded that plankton were maximum in winters and minimum in monsoon period, there is a direct interrelation between physico -chemical parameter sand biological parameters. The fluctuation of planktonic communities can be affected by the variation of the physico – chemical parameters.
Keywords: Aquatic System, Hardwar Region, Phytoplankton, Zooplankton.
Scope of the Article: Bio-Science and Bio-Technology